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A main line problem
Looking at the numbers behind heroin use in 2015
Dec. 31, 2015

As 2015 turns into a new year, problems persist with the dangers of heroin use in the county.

“We’ve been able to do a lot in 2015 about raising the awareness that there is a heroin problem in Washington County, but I don’t think heroin will be going away anytime soon,” said Mary Simon, executive director for Elevate Community Resource Center in Jackson. “Making people aware that there is a problem is the first step to getting them to do something about it,” Simon said.

The Washington County Task Force had a particularly busy year, Simon said.

“The task force worked with the West Bend School District as part of an educational program and through the support of the United Way, were able to publish the Opiate and Heroin Awareness Toolkit, a prevention guideline for families,” she said.

Heroin has also kept the West Bend Police Department busy in 2015, according to to Capt. Tim Dehring.

“We had three homicides related to heroin overdoses this year,” Dehring said. “A heroin overdose death can be charged as a homicide if we find the person or people that supplied the heroin or who had a connection with obtaining it for the person who died.

“We are being very aggressive in going after those involved in these deaths, like the dealers,” Dehring said. “If that’s what it’s going to take to get heroin off the streets, then so be it.”

When asked how many heroin overdoses there were so far in 2015 that did not end in death, Dehring paused.

“Countless,” he said.

“We aren’t seeing as many deaths from overdoses because Narcan can be administered to counteract the heroin,” he added.

Narcan can be obtained for free and Dehring said he’s heard of cases where dealers were giving it out with the heroin they were selling.

“We are hearing that addicts are carrying their own Narcan,” Dehring said.

Entering the final day of 2015, the West Bend Police Department has conducted 277 drug investigations. That number does not include investigating other crimes that often are the direct result of heroin use, such as thefts and burglaries, Dehring said.

And if the numbers of the past point to a trend for the future, those numbers will continue to rise.

“In 2012, there were 170 drug investigations. In 2013, we did 214 and in 2014, we hit a spike at 288. As the year ends, we are likely going to be close to that number,” Dehring said.

Both Simon and Dehring agreed that educating children, even as young as middle school age, about the dangers of addictions may help curb all those statistics.

“No one ever wakes up one morning and decides to become a heroin addict,” Dehring said. “It usually starts with something else and escalates.”

According to information in the Opiate and Heroin Awareness Toolkit, 8.5 percent of 10th grade students in Washington County reported abusing prescription drugs in a survey conducted in 2014. Dehring echoed Simon in saying that heroin will continue to be an issue in 2016, “not only in our community, but in the state and the nation."

Drug Prevention Guide available
Coupon for free home-testing kit provided
News Graphic Staff
Dec. 17, 2015

OZAUKEE COUNTY — A drug prevention guide for families is available for download on the Ozaukee County Heroin Task Force website. More than 6.5 million people 12 and older are reported to have abused drugs last month alone and every day, 4,047 children and young adults start experimenting with prescription drugs.

The 28-page Prevention Awareness Toolkit provides local stories and experiences, the names of commonly abused prescription medications, health consequences of prescription medications, what to do if a family member is suspected of using drugs, how to recognize a relapse and much more. A parents’ guide is also available for families to review. The download also provides a coupon for a free home drug testing kit.

To download the guide, go to

Musicians Against Heroin returns
Band promoting sober musicians to perform at Cultural Center Sunday
By Colleen Jurkiewicz - News Graphic Correspondent
Dec. 15, 2015

CEDARBURG — After a successful debut concert series last fall, the M.A.H. Redemption Band will once again take the stage, this time for a holiday concert at the Cedarburg Cultural Center Sunday.

M.A.H. stands for Musicians Against Heroin, and the group is composed of founder Jim Bohn, Tim Dotson, Tammy Leonard, Kevin Gierach and Mark Melchiori and features the singing of Noelle Braun.

“Every band member has had either a family member or friend touched by this,” Bohn said. “They’ve got an emotional stake in this.”

This will be the band’s fourth concert since last year, when Bohn founded the group to draw attention to the number of clean and sober professional musicians in Ozaukee County, even as the area battles what many have called a heroin and opiate abuse epidemic.

“Let’s face it; everybody wants to be a rock star,” said Bohn. “I think if (people) see that there are really significantly talented people who have put a lot into their craft who can do this and have a great time without the influence of anything except their own personal passion, I think that does mean something to the community. We’re having a blast and we’re focused and we’re enjoying it, but nobody up here is under the influence of anything except our own talent.”

The holiday concert runs from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. and the setlist will feature a strong showing of favorites like “Ave Maria” and “Rockin’ Around the Christmas Tree” as well as Bohn’s original arrangements of some classic Christmas carols like “What Child is This.”

Admission is free but donations are accepted and all proceeds will go to support safe and sober living in Ozaukee County; Bohn sits on the board of Starting Point, which is leading the charge to establish the county’s first sober housing unit.

The M.A.H. Redemption Band has big plans for 2016 as well; Bohn said he is already putting together a “Nashville Circle” featuring local songwriters in the spring as well as a byinvitation M.A.H jam in the summer.

“I think overall it’s just a nice way to remind the community of a very serious matter,” he said. “These events are fun and non-threatening; we spend maybe just a few minutes on the issue. It all goes back to my simple tagline, which is music can be part of the solution.”

For more information on the holiday concert, visit the event’s Facebook page.

Attorney general backs sober housing

By Colleen Jurkiewicz - News Graphic Correspondent
Nov. 24, 2015

CEDARBURG — The prospect of establishing sober housing in Ozaukee County took center stage at a breakfast held Friday at the Cedarburg Cultural Center.

Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel and Ozaukee County District Attorney Adam Gerol were two of the speakers on the agenda for the Breakfast to Support Sober Housing, hosted by Starting Point, which is spearheading the effort to establish the county’s first sober living facility in Saukville.

Starting Point executive director Shea Halula thanked the Ozaukee County Board, which in June unanimously approved a five-year, zero-percent interest loan of $150,000 in support of the project.

Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel and Ozaukee County District Attorney Adam Gerol discuss plans for Healing House, a proposed sober-living facility in Saukville during a Nov. 20 breakfast meeting in Cedarburg. 
 Submitted photo

He called it an important “first step” in the process. Starting Point has used the money to purchase a four-bedroom home in Saukville that they hope to open in January.

In his remarks, Schimel praised the initiative, emphasizing the need for sober housing in Wisconsin communities as part of a “multifaceted approach” to combat what he called Wisconsin’s “opiate epidemic.”

“From 2000 to 2013, opiate overdose deaths increased by 495 percent in Wisconsin,” he said. “We’ve watched this devastation grow; they (the statistics) are still climbing. As a matter of fact, drug overdose deaths now exceed motor vehicle traffic deaths by quite a bit now.”

A sober living facility would be “absolutely critical” to the rehabilitation of Ozaukee County drug abusers, he said.

“We can’t have people confined somewhere in treatment or in jail, and then leave them no place to go, because what we should expect to happen is that they will fall right back into the struggles that they faced, that we thought we did something to help them with,” he said. “We have got to work with people all the way through the course of the process.”

He said that his eight years as the Waukesha County district attorney taught him that “locking up abusers doesn’t lead to long-term sobriety.”

“You can’t arrest your way out of a public health crisis,” he said. Though law enforcement, prevention and treatment are all essential elements of the battle against widespread opiate abuse, “treatment is absolutely critical,” he said.

“When you’re talking about the treatment resources, that’s the smallest part of the funnel, and it’s all jammed up right now. We’re doing our best but it’s going to be very difficult for us to get caught up,” he said. “And it’s not even just about money – we just don’t even have enough professionals who are trained to help people with addiction in this state.

“We’ve got a long way to go before we can do that. We’ve got to address the wide part of the funnel: we have got to stop shoving more through the narrow part. We’ve got to prevent new people from coming into this, and it’s going to take all of us working together to get this done.”

In his address, Gerol took a passionate stance in support of the proposed sober living facility, noting that there have been 11 opiate deaths in Ozaukee County so far this year. Locking up drug addicts, charging them and then releasing them back on the streets into the same environment that precipitated their addiction, he said, has proven to be an ineffective way of addressing the issue.

“It’s like the classic siren song out of the Greek myth. Something that’s simply irresistible,” he said of the temptations that drug addicts contend with when they are reintegrated into their old social circles. “And addicts simply can’t pass that by, and it’s a lure that draws them into addiction, to death, to destruction...

“We really can’t complain about catching the same old fish when we just throw them back into the same pot,” he said. “And that’s what we’re doing so often in Ozaukee County ... I get no satisfaction from seeing somebody go to jail or prison. It’s a loss. It’s necessary but it’s a loss.

“By my count we have 216 sober living homes in Wisconsin. We have none in Ozaukee County. ... Shea will tell you that he’s already getting pushback about it from members of the community because they don’t want it in their backyard, and there are going to be very tense, very meaningful hearings before various Saukville boards before this thing gets a chance to get off the ground. And that’s a shame. That is an incredible shame. It’s also silly because the users, the addicts, are here already. Why wouldn’t you simply allow them to live together when they’ve all made a commitment to sobriety?"

Plans for house off to ‘a great start’

Upon approval of their $150,000 loan to Starting Point in June, the Ozaukee County Board noted that “recidivism rates are exceptionally high among once incarcerated substance abusers, estimated at 60 to 80 percent after release.”

Starting Point is hoping to expand upon Fond du Lac’s Freedom House model, which has maintained a 94 percent occupancy rate since its inception in 2008.

The initial house on Dekora Street in Saukville, to be known as Healing Point House, is approximately 1,500 square feet, four bedrooms and would be open to men residents only.

“However, that’s kind of just a Band-Aid on the problem. One house is not going to do it,” Halula said at the breakfast.

Healing Point House would offer four beds and a housing manager or senior resident who would enforce house policies. Residents would have to sign a contract, follow rules, work or attend school, contribute to the home through chores, maintain absolute sobriety, curfews and be subject to random drug testing.

In an email to the News Graphic, Halula expressed enthusiasm at the turnout for Friday’s program and optimism about Healing Point House’s future.

“I was delighted by the number of passionate supporters who attended the informative breakfast on sober housing. This is a great start as we kick-off to raise funds to support this vital piece for our community members in need,” he wrote. “As we move forward with our first place in working with the village of Saukville, I am excited from the number of people coming forward and helping. However, we need more help in spreading the word on what (a) sober house is and (is) not as well as donors to help us help those in need.”

Heroin abuse hits close to home

8th-grader recently tests positive
Nov. 4, 2015

The results of a drug test shocked even seasoned counselors at Elevate, a community resource center in Jackson — a Washington County eighth-grader recently tested positive for heroin use.

“We even asked the lab if that test result was correct, because we just couldn’t believe it,” Mary Simon, Elevate Executive Director said Tuesday afternoon.

“We were all shocked,” Ronna Corliss, county prevention coordinator for Elevate said. “I just wanted to cry. That is just so sad.”

Hermila Castaneda of Kewaskum looks at drug paraphernalia Tuesday at the Washington County Sheriff’s table during the opiate awareness resource fair at the Silver Linings Arts Center in West Bend. 
 John Ehlke/Daily News

Simon said the discovery of the youngster using heroin came about because of a new type of drug test in which fingernail clippings are submitted for testing for alcohol and/or drugs.

“The test is much less invasive than having a urine test,” Simon said.

The eighth-grader was referred to a program introduced in March called Youth Intervention, and taking the test for alcohol and/or drugs was required.

“Kids tend to not necessarily be honest about using alcohol or drugs,” Corliss said of why the test is mandatory for program participation.

Young people are referred to the program for a variety of reasons, not just alcohol or drugs, but also for issues like truancy and minor law violations, Simon said.

“With our Youth Intervention Program, it’s our hope to catch these kids before they’ve made too many bad decisions or their addictions have taken root,” Simon said.

Drug paraphernalia is on display during the opiate awareness resource fair at the Silver Linings Arts Center Tuesday night in West Bend. 
 John Ehlke/Daily News

Ron Naab, a Washington County supervisor and member of the Washington County Heroin Task Force, who attended the opiate awareness resource fair and presentation Tuesday night at the Silver Lining Arts Center at the West Bend high schools, said he was pleased to see how many people turned out for the event.

“It makes me feel good to see people taking the time to become informed about this terrible issue,” said Naab, who has a family member battling addiction.

And it is an issue in Washington County, Naab said.

“People seem to think that things like heroin aren’t happening here, but it is here and we have the resources available in the county to be of help for the person addicted and their family,” said Corliss, who was manning a table at the Resource Fair.

Heroin and opiate addictions are of such concern that at the Resource Fair, Corliss was handing out copies of a new publication sponsored by Elevate, United Way of Washington County and the Washington County Heroin Task Force titled “Opiate & Heroin Awareness Toolkit — A Prevention Guide for Families.”

Jessie Geschke of Affiliated Clinical Services looks over paperwork near displays of artwork during the opiate awareness resource fair at the Silver Linings Arts Center Tuesday night in West Bend.  
 John Ehlke/Daily News

“It’s important that people start to realize the connection between abusing prescription medications and heroin,” Corliss said.

The 34-page booklet, along with local stories of people whose lives have been impacted by such abuse, includes many facts and statistics.

“The average age of a heroin addict is 36.2 years old,” Corliss said. “The booklet also gives a list, along with photos, of what parents should look for if they suspect heroin or opiate abuse.”

“Many heroin addictions start with abusing pain medications,” Corliss said.

The last several pages detail treatment options and resources available in Washington County, Corliss said.

Sandy Danvers, who attended the Resource Fair and was glancing through a copy of the booklet, said although she did not have children of her own, she was concerned with her nieces and nephews when it comes to having to navigate through their teen years.

“I am so worried about drugs in our community,” Danvers said. “I”m glad to see there are others who are concerned, too. I’m also relieved to see there are support groups and other community resources for families.”

For more information about opiate and heroin addictions or for a copy of the booklet, contact Elevate at 262-677-2216.

Reach reporter Linda McAlpine at

Parents key in drug fight

‘Playgrounds to Pills’ stresses importance of parents in prevention
By Eric Oliver - Enterprise Staff
Oct. 1, 2015

The “In My Shoes” art exhibit is a traveling exhibit sponsored by Rosecrance featuring shoes decorated by children to help parents understand teenagers’ thoughts on pressures they encounter to use in their daily lives.  
Eric Oliver/Enterprise Staff

OCONOMOWOC — The fourth installment of the Stairway to Heroin series, “Playgrounds to Pills,” featured a variety of speakers all emphasizing the importance of parents taking an active role in a child’s life.

Tuesday’s presentation at the Oconomowoc Arts Center featured a resource fair followed by a eight speakers each talking about a different aspect related to opiate use and abuse.

Brian Fidlin, a nationally known psychologist, had the longest presentation of the night. He spoke about the brain and how it works under stress. He urged parents and children in attendance to do their best to look at the level of stress in their lives and assess what they can do to lower it.

Excessive and sustained amounts of stress often lead to struggles alcohol and narcotics. The drugs take away the stress of the moment, but they do nothing to actually alleviate it, he said.

“Most of our kids are pushing themselves so incredibly hard that they’re burnt out,” Fidlin said. “You need to think about how much stress you want your kid functioning at.”

Brian Fidlin speaking in front of his presentation on seratonin and stress Tuesday as part of his presentation for “Playground to Pills,” the fourth installment in the Stairway to Heroin series.  
Eric Oliver/Enterprise Staff

Fidlin stressed the importance of a parent being there for their child.

“I’m going to make sure they have me,” Fidlin said. “I’m going to be around for them.”

At the end of his presentation, Fidlin talked about the importance of people coming together to share what they’re struggling with because they’d find they aren’t alone.

“I challenge any of you to start putting out there the reality of who you really are,” Fidlin said. “Because what you’re going to find is you’re not alone.”

Schimel delivers Dose of Reality

State Attorney General and former Waukesha County District Attorney Brad Schimel was on hand to give the opening remarks of the night and to talk about his recently launched Dose of Reality campaign.

“This campaign may be one of the most important things I do as attorney general because if we do this right we save lives,” Schimel said.

People gathered in the lobby of the Oconomowoc Arts Center at the resource fair that was held before the presentation.  
Eric Oliver/Enterprise Staff

The campaign features television and radio spots, social media activity and advertising to inform residents about the improper use of prescription painkillers, highlight the dangers of inadequate storage and disposal, address issues specific to medical providers, parents, students and young adults, and encourage positive actions.

Schimel frequently mentioned the campaign is one of numerous steps his office is taking to combat the growing drug problem in Lake Country.

The notion that only the bad kids do drugs is something Schimel said needs to be addressed “I have met hundreds of parents now who have buried their children due to opiate overdose and not any of them thought their child was a bad kid,” Schimel said. “We can’t hide behind the myth that this just happens in the urban city. This is happening in every community.”

The Dose of Reality campaign is so important because prescription painkiller abuse shows a direct connection to abusing opiates, Schimel said. If communities shut down prescription pill abuse they start to shut down heroin.

Other takeaways

Kettle Moraine counselor Alissa Darin quoted a statistic that said 80 percent of students don’t use alcohol because they care about their parents’ perceptions of them. She said parents have to make themselves as involved in their child’s life as possible and know who children hang out with to prevent use by association.

“Adolescents that have a close relationship with their parents are less likely to use drugs or alcohol,” Darin said.

Tom Wright, chief medical officer for Rosecrance Health Network, told the story of how his foster son ended up in his protection, listed numerous statistics on opiate use and various ways to treat addiction.

Lisa Dawes and Scott Bakkum briefly touched on the Oconomowoc Area School District’s random drug testing policy, saying the policy was brought forward by the students, and that it was the students that suggested the testing start in seventh grade.


Stopping an overdose in its tracks
Anti-overdose drug to be available without prescriptions at Wisconsin CVS pharmacies
By Melanie Boyung - News Graphic Staff
Sept. 29, 2015

OZAUKEE COUNTY — An anti-overdose drug that reverses the effect of narcotics will soon be available in Ozaukee County without a prescription.

CVS Pharmacy announced last week that it will be expanding over-the-counter availability of naloxone, also called Narcan. According to a press release from CVS, Wisconsin is one of 12 states in which the drug will be made available this month.

CVS has already been able to order and supply the drug with a prescription; the new, over-the-counter supply will allow narcotics users or family members to have the medication on-hand without a prescription. According to information from CVS, expanding naloxone availability is just one part of a larger initiative.

“Over 44,000 people die from accidental drug overdoses every year in the United States and most of those deaths are from opioids, including controlled substance pain medications and illegal drugs such as heroin. Naloxone is a safe and effective antidote to opioid overdoses and by providing access to this medication in our pharmacies without a prescription in more states, we can help save lives,” Tom Davis, vice president of pharmacy professional practices at CVS said in the press release. “While all 7,800 CVS/pharmacy stores nationwide can continue to order and dispense naloxone when a prescription is presented, we support expanding naloxone availability without a prescription and are reviewing opportunities to do so in other states.”

Locally, the CVS in Cedarburg did not have naloxone in stock Monday, but can order and receive it if needed. Mike DeAngelis, public relations director of CVS, said that it is not typical for a CVS pharmacy to keep naloxone in stock. If it is needed, the pharmacy can order it for a patient and generally have the medication within one business day to dispense at the pharmacy counter.

Deputies in the Ozaukee County Sheriff’s Office have been trained to administer Narcan in cases of overdose, and they carry the drug during their duties, according to Sheriff Jim Johnson. He said that sheriff’s deputies

have not needed to administer it yet, but their training was run by Aurora Medical Center personnel, and a medical doctor runs the program.

“I believe that the safest way to deliver Narcan is by trained personnel under the direction of a medical professional,” Johnson said.

Officers of local police departments throughout Ozaukee County have been training in the use of Narcan as well, and the overdose antidote is carried by police personnel. EMTs in Cedarburg and several other communities in the county have administered the drug.

One concern about such availability of naloxone is knowledge. While police officers and deputies go through training before carrying or using naloxone, being able to obtain it without prescription could allow people to have it – and use it – without any preparation.

“The main thing is, is there going to be any education with this?” said Shea Halula, director of Starting Point of Ozaukee. Halula added that if there is not education involved, it would be an unfortunate missed opportunity.

While over-the-counter availability of naloxone will mean that people will be able to access and use it without training or medical expertise, the goal of CVS’s program is to increase resources for potential drug overdoses. Information from CVS said naloxone is a safe and effective means of reversing overdose effects; Johnson said that county deputies are trained to administer small doses nasally, to avoid dramatic reversal symptoms.

Kirsten Johnson, director of health services for Ozaukee County, cited the importance of naloxone in limiting overdose deaths in the community.

“I think accessibility to naloxone is an important harm-reduction strategy,” she said. The other states where CVS is expanding access to naloxone are Arkansas, California, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee and Utah. The drug has already been available at CVS pharmacies in Rhode Island and Massachusetts without a prescription.

According to news accounts, Walgreens has made the drug available at its stores in Cincinnati.

Melanie Boyung can be reached at

Stairway to Heroin events complimented by county-wide campaign

By Eric Oliver - Enterprise Staff
Sept. 24, 2015

OCONOMOWOC — The Oconomowoc Parents Education Network’s fourth installment in the Stairway to Heroin series will emphasize the influence parents have on a child’s decision to not use drugs.

“Playgrounds to Pills: Prevention Begins with Parents” will be from 6 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. Tuesday at the Oconomowoc Arts Center, 641 E. Forest St., with a resource fair in the OAC lobby from 6 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.

“Since healthy habits are formed at a young age, it is never too early to lay the foundation for a drug-free lifestyle,” OPEN Coordinator Katie Westerman said.

Westerman said the program will feature:

Techniques to teach resiliency and refusal skills at an early age,

Childhood brain development and its impact on decision-making skills,

Parenting strategies that make a difference: monitoring, having difficult conversations and setting boundaries, and

A review of the Oconomowoc Area School District random drug testing policy.

‘Dose of Reality’

Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel announced a new public information and awareness campaign last week aimed at preventing abuse of prescription painkillers.

The “Dose of Reality” campaign will feature television and radio spots, social media activity and advertising to inform residents about the improper use of prescription painkillers, highlight the dangers of inadequate storage and disposal, address issues specific to medical providers, parents, students and young adults, and encourage positive actions.

“The epidemic of prescription painkiller abuse is taking an enormous toll on our children, our families and our community,” Schimel said in a video on the campaign’s website. “None of us as parents would leave a loaded handgun on the kitchen counter, and yet very few of us think twice about leaving prescription painkillers sitting in our medicine cabinets unsecured, and those prescription painkillers are killing a lot more people than handguns.”

The campaign launch comes a month ahead of the Department of Justice’s Drug Take Back Day on Oct. 17.

While medical experts and law enforcement officials have drawn a connection between painkiller abuse and heroin use, Department of Health Services Secretary Kitty Rhoades said 45 percent of the state’s 843 drug overdose deaths in 2013 were caused by opioid painkillers.

Schimel’s office stressed the campaign is “not designed to vilify prescription painkillers nor those who prescribe them, but to raise awareness that when used or stored improperly, they can be dangerous or even deadly. Prescription painkillers can be beneficial when properly prescribed by a licensed medical or dental professional, properly used as directed, stored securely and disposed of properly.”

The Wisconsin Medical Society was quick to praise the effort. The organization’s president, Dr. Jerry Halverson, said: “Too often in circumstances like these, it’s easy to think it’s someone else’s problem.”

“This epidemic affects people in every demographic throughout our state — all ages, all incomes, all races and all geographies — and no one can afford to sit on the sidelines if we are to bring this crisis under control,” Halverson said.

Also contributing: Arthur Thomas, Enterprise Staff

Solutions there for opiate crisis
Diversion program, sober housing have worked
By Laurie Arendt - News Graphic Correspondent
Sept. 24, 2015

CEDARBURG— Doug Darby didn’t need to rely on many statistics to get his point across at the Solutions and Hope Presentation, but he did share one with an impact: Last year, 7,000 doses of the anti-overdose drug Narcan were administered in Wisconsin.

“If you do the math, that’s about 20 people a day,” said Darby, co-founder of the recovery advocacy group Rise Together. “If we were losing 20 people a day on Wisconsin highways, we’d all be in Madison demanding something be done. These seats should be full tonight – that’s how bad the heroin problem is right here, right now.”

The series of speakers at the Solutions and Hope Presentation, coordinated by Starting Point and the Ozaukee Heroin Task Force, all brought different perspectives to our county’s heroin problem.

“Every once in a while you’ll see an article in the News Graphic about a young person dying of a heroin overdose,” said moderator and State Rep. Jim Ott, R-Mequon “But the heroin problem here is much more serious than that. It’s a complex problem that does not lend itself to easy solutions.”

Lt. Gov. Rebecca Kleefisch spoke about efforts to put a real face on heroin addiction, including a nod to Eva Holland, whose family photo – of herself, her two young children and her heroin-addicted husband in his casket – made the rounds of Facebook a few weeks ago.

“This is something that is very real that affects families,” she said.

Kleefisch noted that the Wisconsin Legislature has approved $1.5 million in funding for TAD (Treatment Alternatives and Diversion) programming to combat this problem.

State Sen. Alberta Darling, R-River Hills, also reported on the HOPE (Heroin, Opiate Prevention and Education) Agenda. This series of bills, spearheaded by State Rep. John Nygren, R-Marinette, the father of a heroin-addicted daughter, includes a variety of efforts, including among them a bill that now requires identification for those picking up certain narcotic and opiate drugs; training for EMTs and other first responders for Narcan administration; and the TAD funding.

“I want to stress the level of commitment you have on this issue,” she said. Kerry Y o u n g , coordinator for Starting Point, also spoke about the real need for TAD efforts and the establishment of sober housing facilities in Ozaukee County. “Diversion means that if certain conditions are met, individuals are not formally charged for their crime,” he explained. “It is about the individual demonstrating accountability for his or her actions.” Young noted that 34 individuals have been offered diversion alternatives in Ozaukee County. Twenty-eight people have accepted the option, and 22 people are still in the program.

He also stressed the need for sober housing in Ozaukee County, and credited the Ozaukee County Board for jump starting the process by allocating seed money to help search for a possible property.

“It’s so critical in the county and recovery in general,” he said. “Something happens at 90 days of recovery – the relapse rate does drop. We have TAD programming and AODA services, but we are missing a piece. We need sober living facilities.”

Carol Schneider, founder and CEO of SEEK, addressed the employment opportunities that do remain available for those who have been in jail or are in recovery. She also noted that this was an issue of importance to her as the grandmother of an addict who ultimately committed suicide.

“In Wisconsin, it is illegal to discriminate against people who have been in jail,” she said. “We’re here to help and we want people to know it is OK. There isn’t a single employer out there that won’t say yes if we can provide them with a trainable fit.”

Darby brought the perspective of a former drug addict, now sober since 2010. Darby is a second-generation addict, who lost his own father at the age 15.

“And I guarantee you that when I was 15, I never said, ‘I want to grow up and be a junkie,’” he said. “I’m still a person in long-term recovery; I bring a face and voice to recovery. I’ve spoken in front of 150 high schools – that’s 70,000 kids – and I share my story with the hopes that kids will come up and share theirs. And they do. Sometimes, they can really identify.”

Darby also stressed that it was possible to do something to combat the heroin problem.

“People think, ‘What can I do?’” he said. “Look at me. I’m just some junkie up here talking.”

What can you do as a parent?

The final speaker at the Solutions and Hope Presentation was Ozaukee County District Attorney Adam Gerol, who spoke on what parents can do to keep their kids safe.

“Kids know drugs are bad, but that wrongfulness doesn’t stop them,” he said. “They’re surrounded by drugs. You don’t know what they will say and what they will do to try and fit in.”

Combine that with the unpredictable nature of heroin, and parents have real reason to be worried.

“People can use it for a while with no ill effects and then suddenly overdose,” he said, noting that getting a heroin high can cost as little as $10 to $20. “Or they can overdose or become addicted the first time.”

Gerol says that in addition to being proactive – checking a child’s room for drug paraphernalia, watching social media, getting to know and engaging with their friends – parents need to be “that parent.”

“Give your kids the gift of being able to say no,” he encouraged. “Be that parent so that your son or daughter can say, ‘Oh, you don’t know my mom or dad. I can’t touch that stuff.”

Or let a little of that “crazy” shine.

“Be that parent who shows up unannounced at a party with a giant bag of Doritos and says, ‘I just thought you guys might be hungry,’” said Gerol. “Your child needs to know that you will go to those extremes to keep him or her safe.”

-Laurie Arendt

Citizens group addresses drug use in community
Resource Fair to be held at 5:30 p.m.
By Alex Zank - Daily News
Sept. 22, 2015

CEDARBURG —  The Concerned Citizens of West Bend met for its second meeting Monday evening to tackle a hefty topic: drug use in the community.

Officials with the West Bend Police Department presented on drug issues in the community, and Washington County District Attorney Mark Bensen gave an overview on what his office does for the county.

They spoke to a crowd of about 20 at City Hall, 1115 S. Main St. Police officials spent much of their presentation discussing heroin with the question- filled audience.

Officer Justin Klopp, who is involved in the county’s Multi-jurisdictional Drug Enforcement Group, said they typically come across white, gray or black and tarry forms of the drug.

“Typical amounts we see are very, very small,” he said. “Anywhere from about a tenth of a gram to upwards to ... three grams.”

Two grams of heroin is about the size of a marble, the presenters said.

Klopp said most people start using heroin because they were already abusing painkillers or other narcotics, including Oxycontin or Vicodin. Some start using these medications through a prescription or trying a friend’s supply. Then they move to heroin.

Warning signs of a heroin user include a lack of interest in favored activities, withdrawal from friends and family, lack of hygiene and missing property.

“If you’re a heroin addict, you’re probably not holding down a really good job. You need money, you’ve gotta get your next fix. So you start to steal,” Klopp said.

Bensen started his presentation by explaining what the District Attorney’s office does.

“We handle all of the criminal matters that are referred up to our office from the city of West Bend and the other police agencies that are in Washington County,” he said, adding that in 2014 the office received about 3,600 referrals.

Only about 40-50 cases actually go to trial, he said, while the majority of the cases are settled with a plea bargain. Though Bensen pointed out he does not directly represent the Wisconsin Department of Corrections, he could say the success rates for probation varies by the case.

“There are certain cases where the success rates are much higher,” he said. “Heroin cases unfortunately are the ones that the success rates are not good.”

Randy Koehler, who is responsible for forming the group, asked why the District Attorney’s office ends up dropping some charges in a case.

Bensen used a theoretical example of someone who has four counts of theft.

“The reason we do it really ... is two-fold,” he said. “One is expedience. The simple fact is we don’t have the ability to try every case of hundreds of cases.”

The other is what he called a practical matter. If someone has four serious counts against them, if the office can get someone to plead to two counts, that still gives plenty of jail or prison time to appropriately match the crime.

An audience member asked why the county does not have a drug court, claiming these courts are typically successful.

Bensen said this was something they were looking into, but there are many players involved in setting something up. He added that circuit court judges already have a lot on their plate even without establishing a drug court.

“While I do think that drug courts have their place, it’s not something you can just snap your fingers and it’s done,” he said.

Koehler started Concerned Citizens as a Facebook group earlier this year as a response to what he saw as a worrisome prevalence of crime in neighborhoods.

He reported on Monday the group has more than 800 members.

The next public meeting will be at 6:30 p.m. Oct. 27. This is a Tuesday, which breaks from the Monday evening meetings the group had regularly been holding.

Reach reporter Alex Zank at

Knowledge is power in fight against heroin
OASD sets next ‘Stairway’ event for Sept. 29
By Eric Oliver - Enterprise Staff
Sept. 10, 2015

OCONOMOWOC — Oconomowoc Area School District Superintendent Roger Rindo said in January he was sick and tired of burying kids because of drug abuse.

The Oconomowoc Area School District is doing a number of things to combat a growing drug problem. The district implemented a random drug testing policy that started this year. The policy tests students from seventh to twelfth grade who participate in extracurriculars, sports or park in district parking lots, and the district is hoping it can be another tool to help kids say no.

The Oconomowoc Parents Education Network is hosting another installment in its Stairway to Heroin series. The fourth installment, “Playgrounds to Pills...Prevention Begins with Parents,” is slated for 6 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. Sept. 29, with a resource fair and art exhibit featuring installations showing the drug abuse problem through the perspective of a child before the program starts at 6:30 p.m.

Statistics on drug related deaths

Figures provided by the Waukesha County Medical Examiner’s Office show an increase in drug-related deaths nearly every year from 2008 until 2012, with 2011 and 2012 representing the highest totals. There were 47 drug-related deaths in 2011 and 59 in 2012.

There were 10 drug-related deaths in 2015 so far. Deputy Medical Examiner Kristine Klenz said that number is expected to grow as the office receives final toxicology reports. The medical examiner’s office will not define a death as drug-related until the death certificate is signed.

Of the 305 drug-related deaths from 2008 to 2014 in Waukesha County, heroin was responsible for 69 of them. The age range of the deaths varied on a yearly basis. From 2008 to 2013, the youngest person who died because of drug use was 13 while the oldest was 87. The average age hovers in the lower 40s. In that span, 145 men have died, and 108 women (2014-15 gender numbers were not provided).

For heroin specifically, the highest number of deaths attributed to the drug was 21 in 2012, with 11 following in 2013 and 13 in 2014 and three so far this year.

Data from the Medical Examiner’s office does not take into account emergency room visits.

School official perspective

The drug problem is of special interest to Oconomowoc High School Principal Joseph Moylan. He graduated with a degree in counseling then went to the Adler School of Professional Psychology where he was a therapist who worked with crack and heroin addicts in downtown Chicago. After that he went to Denver where he worked in the same capacity with mentally ill people who used drugs and alcohol as a way to deal with their illness.

“I’ve been around these issues for all my life,” Moylan said. “I don’t know if it’s personal until you work with a family and a kid for a very long time and you see them die. That’ll light anybody up.”

Moylan said the drug issue plaguing Lake Country and OHS is unique to neither.

“Every high school in the country has drug issues,” he said. “It’s part of the work that we do.”

The problem isn’t just the high school’s problem, it’s the community’s, the parents’ and the kids’, he said. The only way it’ll get better is if a everyone comes together, he added.

“Through our Stairway to Heroin educational series, we have made an impact by addressing the problem, bringing awareness to the problem and promoting prevention efforts,” Oconomowoc Parent Education Network and Stairway program coordinator Katie Westerman said.

Westerman mirrored Moylan’s comments, saying the success of the Stairway program is contingent on a community coming together.

Ultimately, Westerman said the goal of the Stairway series is to reduce substance use among adolescents by providing education and spreading awareness.

The latest program exemplifies what OPEN is about, Westerman said, the power of the parents.

“Prevention begins with parents,” Westerman said. “Prevention efforts supported by parents, schools, law enforcement, health care facilities and community members will make a difference in reducing drug use among our youth.”

The next steps

Moylan and Westerman both said the problem will never end.

Speaking from past experience, Moylan took issue with the increasingly lax attitude surrounding marijuana and the growing movement to legalize it. He said misguided beliefs in the society over marijuana and the place it has are coming from people who aren’t looking at it from the addiction arena.

“The notion that marijuana with its THC levels today isn’t addictive or that it isn’t a gateway drug is ridiculous,” Moylan said. “I think Colorado and Washington are learning some lessons that way, that are really ugly. As long as we have people who say ‘No, this isn’t that bad’ and ‘We should legalize it,’ I think we’re going to battle.”

County seeks warrant to search car possibly involved in drug overdose death

WAUKESHA — Investigators have searched a car in the Town of Ottawa which they believe could provide evidence linking a male subject to an overdose death.

According to an affidavit for a search warrant filed in Waukesha County Circuit Court on Tuesday, deputies responded to a residence in the Town of Ottawa at 9:01 a.m. Saturday regarding a pulseless, non-breathing female. Upon arrival they found a dead woman, with evidence of heroin and opiate use consistent with an overdose.

A male subject at the residence allegedly said he had spent the night at the home — his father’s — with the female subject. The father said his son has a “severe” addiction to heroin and he thought the son had been using the drug recently, according to the affidavit.

The subject allegedly said he injected the woman with an anti-overdose medication, but did not admit the female subject was using heroin or opiates. The male subject also said he and the female had met a man in the City of Pewaukee named “T” because the female subject owed him money, then went to the residence and watched movies. When he awoke the female subject was not breathing, according to the affidavit Surveillance footage from the Walgreens store at 1021 Summit Ave. in Oconomowoc allegedly shows both subjects exiting a blue sedan and entering the store. The male subject’s father had planted a mini-camera in a blue Honda Accord to keep tabs on his son. The father stated the camera was off that night and his son had “wiped the computer” and indicated he believed his son operated the car on Friday night, according to the affidavit.

Detectives searched the car — a Honda — and seized the camera, a GPS system and bottles of pills which police believe may constitute evidence of reckless homicide, according to the warrant.

— Enterprise Staff

Three charged with maintaining drug trafficking place
Residents of Lyman Street house in court

WAUKESHA — Three Oconomowoc residents were charged Wednesday after investigators with the Waukesha County Metro Drug Unit executed a search warrant on Lyman Street residence in July 2014.

Shari L. Glomski, 31, was charged in Waukesha County Court with one count each of possession of narcotic drugs, maintaining a drug trafficking place and possession of drug paraphernalia, as were Michael S. Kleinhans, 50, and his wife Stori N. Kleinhans, 39.

Each faces more than seven years in prison if convicted on all counts.

According to the criminal complaint, members of the metro drug unit entered a residence on the 400 block of South Lyman Street on July 11, 2014 and found drug packaging materials including tin foil, playing cards to help prepare heroin and numerous capsules of Dormin — a common cutting agent for heroin.

Glomski, who lived in the residence with her boyfriend, admitted to investigators that heroin found in a bedroom at the residence belonged to her and her boyfriend, the complaint states.

Investigators also spoke with Stori Kleinhans, who lives at the same address, who said she uses heroin every day and considers herself to be an addict, according to the complaint. She also said her husband receives heroin from Glomski’s boyfriend.

Inside the Kleinhans’ bedroom, investigators found a spoon with residue on it, tin foil and debris, along with a chuck of a substance which tested positive for heroin.

Glomski’s boyfriend is not yet facing any charges related to this incident, according to court records.

All three defendants are scheduled to make their initial appearances in court on Oct. 12.

— Matt Masterson, Enterprise Staff


EDITORIAL : It’s not going away
Heroin, opiate deaths continue in county

Enterprise Editorial Board
Sept. 10, 2015

It’s not going away.

Opiate and heroin deaths are mounting. The dead are piling up outside our doors. It will not go away without continued effort in our communities.

This week we feature a spate of stories about opiate addiction. From the continuing efforts and testaments of parents and friends who have lost loved ones to addiction, to the often hidden danger of drug use at the workplace, we spotlight what is an unrelenting source of heartache and tragedy here in Lake Country, and across the nation.

The Stairway to Heroin series continues at 6 p.m. Sept. 29 at the Oconomowoc Arts Center with a fourth installment titled “Playgrounds to Pills...Prevention Begins With Parents.”

The installment will focus on parents’ roles in setting a foundation for a drugfree lifestyle for their children.

It includes: Teaching resiliency and refusal skills at an early age Childhood brain development and its impact on decision-making skills Parenting strategies that make a difference including monitoring, having difficult conversations and setting boundaries A review of the Oconomowoc Area School District’s random drug testing policy The Stairway to Heroin series is a great place to begin to understand the various aspects of combatting the opiate problem. It is free and open to all ages. We encourage everyone to attend the presentation.

Just a few days ago a female died in the Town of Ottawa. Her death is being investigated as an overdose. In an affidavit connected to a search warrant police wrote that her “appendages were covered” in needle marks.

It’s a horrible image, a young woman ravaged by addiction, her future erased.

With increased potency through the addition of synthetic opiates like Fentanyl, heroin use is increasingly risky, and authorities are prosecuting more and more people through the Len Bias law, which holds those who provided a drug to an overdose victim responsible for that person’s death.

It’s part of the solution, but not the complete answer.

As we’re sure you’ll learn if you attend the Stairway to Heroin event, it starts at home with your young children.

We see our children as innocent and beautiful, and they are. But we cannot ignore reality. Drug use has to be nipped at the earliest of buds.

The conversation really does begin at home.

Wisconsin lawmaker readies quartet of anti-heroin measures

Associated Press
Sept. 9, 2015

MADISON — A Republican lawmaker whose daughter has struggled with a heroin addiction announced Tuesday he plans to introduce another round of legislation focusing on opiate prescriptions that can lead to heroin abuse.

Rep. John Nygren of Marinette spearheaded seven bills designed to curtail heroin abuse and help addicts recover last session. He told reporters during a news conference Tuesday he has four more bills ready to go. Assembly Speaker Robin Vos, R-Rochester, Dr. Tim Westlake, vice chairman of the state Medical Examining Board and a member of the state’s controlled substance board, and Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel all stood with Nygren in a show of support.

Nygren said the new bills are designed to attack the root of the problem — addictions to opiate prescriptions that pave the path to heroin.

“As we said last session, there were no silver bullets contained in those seven pieces of legislation,” Nygren said. “We knew that we had more that needed to be done.”

The new legislation would require anyone who dispenses opiates to enter the prescriptions in a statewide tracking database within 24 hours rather than the seven days currently allowed under state law. Doctors would be required to check the database before prescribing opiates. Nygren said those moves could help identify addicts and doctors who are overprescribing.

Police who discover an opiate prescription at the scene of an overdose would have to enter the prescription in the database and notify the prescribing physician of the incident.

The package also would create registries for pain and methadone clinics. Nygren said little is known about how such clinics operate.

Nygren’s daughter, Cassie, has battled a heroin addiction for several years. She was sentenced to a year and a half in prison in 2009. She pleaded guilty this past March to felony narcotic possession and was sentenced to drug court.

Nygren has often cited her story in his push to advance anti-heroin legislation. His bills last session included measures that funded additional treatment facilities; established immediate punishments for parole and probation violators and immunity for anyone who reports an overdose; and allowed first-responders with training to administer Narcan, a drug that counteracts heroin overdoses. Gov. Scott Walker signed the proposals into law last spring after all seven bills passed the Assembly and Senate unanimously.

Panel describes drug use in the workplace
Schimel, Opper, others urge employers to be vigilant, proactive
By Katherine Michalets - Freeman Staff
Sept. 4, 2015

BROOKFIELD - Imagine an employee who is using the workers’ compensation he is receiving because of a workplace injury to get prescription painkillers, which he is then selling to co-workers. This was a situation that attorney Charles Palmer advised a client on and is similar to scenarios playing out in the area as the abuse of prescription drugs and use of heroin increases.

“By the time you have an addict, it’s too late,” Palmer, a partner with Michael Best & Friedrich LLP in Waukesha said. “You need to catch this early.”

Catching an employee who is illegally using a substance can be difficult, and how the company can then respond is complex. A panel of experts shared their insights and advice during a Waukesha County Business Alliance AMP! meeting Thursday in Brookfield.

Brian McKaig, vice president of marketing and communications for United Way of Greater Milwaukee and Waukesha County, left, asks questions regarding the effects of drug use in the workplace of an expert panel: Charles Palmer, partner with Michael Best & Friedrich, second from left; Waukesha County District Attorney Susan Opper, second from right; and Michael Borkowski, doctor of occupational medicine for Froedtert & Medical College of Wisconsin, right.  
Katherine Michalets/Freeman Staff

Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel first addressed the audience by explaining the extent of heroin use and opiate abuse in Wisconsin and the area.

“It’s the worst public crisis I’ve seen,” he said. “It’s a full-blown health crisis. It’s also an economic crisis for our state, as well as the nation.”

There are about 163,000 intravenous drug users in Wisconsin, Schimel said, explaining that the state’s resources are overwhelmed with the problem.

“This addiction is more powerful than anything we’ve seen,” he said.

Among those dealing with opiate and heroin problems, Schimel said, are intelligent people who had perfect grade-point averages.

He said he knows a man who owns three restaurants and interviews about 300 people every year for staff positions because so many people are fired for drug use or because they don’t show up to work because of their addictions.

Waukesha County District Attorney Susan Opper said addressing the problem is comparable to a marathon and not a sprint. A heroin addiction can cost a person about $100 to $150 per day, and painkillers cost even more.

“You are going to be stealing from your employers, I can assure you. You are going to be stealing from your family,” she said.

Palmer said firing an employee for using drugs can be difficult. He recommends wording employee policies to say that the illegal use of a substance versus use of an illegal substance may result in termination of employment. This wording would ensure that if people are abusing their prescription, they may face termination.

He advises company representatives to seek legal advice should they suspect an employee of illegally using a substance, because there are other laws that may apply and must be evaluated, such as the American Disability Act and the Family and Medical Leave Act.

“You can fire people but it depends on the timing and the details under which it occurs,” Palmer said.

Michael Borkowski, a doctor of occupational medicine for Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin, recommended that employers work closely with an occupational wellness doctor to help select the correct drug tests to perform and a medical review officer to analyze the drug tests.

If an employee is arrested on suspicion of drug use or dealing, Palmer said, employers cannot fire that person for that reason because they are innocent until proven guilty. He encourages employers to do their own research to determine whether the suspected employee was dealing onsite. But, he said, it’s important for a company not to try and act like a police officer because of other potential unintended legal consequences.

When discussing suspicious activity with employees, Borkowski advised using a caring tone. Although the employee may seem to be high on drugs, she may in fact be diabetic and suffering from low-blood sugar levels, he said.

Job performance and workplace behaviors may be signs indicating possible workplace drug problems. Here are some signs to watch for.

Job performance

-Inconsistent work quality

-Poor concentration and lack of focus

-Lowered productivity or erratic work patterns

-Increased absenteeism or on the job “presenteeism”

-Unexplained disappearances from the job site

-Carelessness, mistakes or errors in judgment

-Needless risk taking

-Disregard for safety for self and others; on the job and off the job accidents

-Extended lunch periods and early departures


Workplace behavior

-Frequent financial problems

-Avoidance of friends and colleagues

-Blaming others for own problems and shortcomings

-Complaints about problems at home

-Deterioration in personal appearance or personal hygiene

-Complaints, excuses and time off for vaguely defined illnesses or family problems

-Source: National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc.


Heroin, opiate deaths appear to be declining in county
Seven so far this year
By Matt Masterson - Freeman Staff
July 10, 2015

WAUKESHA — A new study found there are almost 300,000 more heroin users nationwide now than a decade ago, but the number of opiate-related deaths in Waukesha County appears to be trending downward through the first half of 2015.

According to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released this week, nearly three in every 1,000 Americans said they had used heroin in the past year. That’s up from under two per 1,000 about a decade ago — a 62 percent increase which translates to hundreds of thousands more people — government researchers said.

While total usage is rising across the country, the number of overdose deaths appears to be slowing down, at least locally.

Through the first half of 2015, Waukesha County has seen seven drug-related deaths, according to data provided to The Freeman by the county Medical Examiner’s Office.

Of those, two cases involved heroin and four were related to other opiate medications. The other death was attributed to a “non-opiate medication combined with alcohol.”

While those are the official totals, the medical examiner’s office also has several cases awaiting completion of toxicology testing, but staff would not speculate on how many of those may be drug related.

With six months down in 2015, it appears the county’s total number of drug-related deaths is declining. Thirty- four people died in Waukesha County in 2014 either by accident, suicide or other undetermined manner relating to drugs — including 10 tied to heroin and 20 to opiates.

The county medical examiner also recorded 35 such deaths in 2013.

“We don’t seem to be — here in our community right now, anecdotally — seeing a big spike, but the abuse of heroin has dramatically increased from where it was 10 years ago,” Waukesha Fire Department Interim Chief Steven Howard said. “But we are not currently, and knock on some wood, seeing a dramatic spike.” The Milwaukee County Medical Examiner reported as many as 16 likely heroin-related deaths in one week earlier in July, but officials with the Waukesha office said no such trend had been seen locally.

So far this year, Howard said, his department has deployed naloxone — better known as Narcan, an opioid- inhibitor used to reverse the effects of a heroin overdose — 29 times, a total that appears in line with recent history.

Through all of 2014, Howard’s department administered the drug 58 times. But Howard said not all of those were necessarily tied directly to a heroin overdose, as Narcan can also be used on people who accidentally over-medicated themselves.

The Waukesha County Sheriff’s Department also completed training to use nasal Narcan early this year. But department spokeswoman Jennifer Wallschlaeger said the drug has only been administered once during 2015 — in June, on a 22-year-old man in the Town of Lisbon — as deputies often arrive at a scene after medical and fire personnel, who can provide the life-saving drug first.

CDC director: More people ‘primed for heroin use’

The CDC’s findings mirror trends seen in earlier reports, which noted marked increases in heroin use in white people living outside major cities, said Katherine Keyes, a Columbia University epidemiologist who researches drug abuse issues.

But the new report offers some additional details about heroin users, government scientists said.

While heroin use more than doubled among the white population, it appears to have leveled off in other racial and ethnic groups, the report found.

But it grew among different income levels, in different parts of the country. And the rate of heroin use doubled in women — a more dramatic rise from what was seen in men.

For years, officials have worried about misuse of prescription opioid painkillers like Vicodin and OxyContin. Experts say recent restrictions on prescribing such painkillers may be reducing illicit supplies of them at a time when the heroin supply has been increasing.

Heroin has become a popular alternative. It is essentially the same chemical as that in the prescription painkillers, but it costs roughly five times less on the street, CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said.

“An increasing number of people are primed for heroin use because they were addicted to an opioid painkiller,” Frieden said.

The new report found those who abused opioid painkillers were 40 times more likely to abuse heroin.

The heroin death rate quadrupled over a decade, reaching nearly 8,300 in 2013, with most of the fatal overdoses involving other drugs at the same time — most often cocaine. Deaths involving opioid painkillers have been leveling off, but continue to be more common than heroin-related deaths, government statistics show.

Contributing: The Associated Press


County loan to help jump start Sober Housing
$150,000, 0 percent loan to be given to Starting Point
By Denise Seyfer - News Graphic Staff
June 9, 2015

PORT WASHINGTON — The Ozaukee County Board last week unanimously approved a county loan of up to $150,000 to Starting Point of Ozaukee to help establish the county’s first sober house.

“The commitment of Ozaukee County can be seen by the County Board of Supervisors’ overwhelming support to provide a safe haven for those wanting to be clean of alcohol and drugs,” said Ozaukee County Sheriff James Johnson. “Their support is a big step in making a difference for these citizens on their road to recovery.”

Sober housing provides low-level, first-time drug and alcohol offenders a supportive place to live and gain employment or education, while undergoing further treatment.

Ozaukee County Human Services Director Michael Lappen said he supports the local development of sober-living houses as a tool to reduce relapse into substance use and recidivism into the criminal justice system.

The five-year loan will have 0 percent interest and come from the Department of Human Services’ undesignated fund balance.

As a major initiative spurred through the work of the Ozaukee County Heroin Task Force, the establishment of the county’s first sober house addresses the “gap” in services and has countless community benefits, according to the approved resolution that includes: savings in future incarceration and court costs as recidivism rates are reduced, safer roads as fewer individuals are expected to drive under the influence, significant reductions in property crime, freeing up of taxpayer dollars, and ultimately, creating a better county.

The Heroin Task Force was created nearly a year and a half ago and consists of county and community leaders and citizens as well as local law enforcement, all working to stop the addiction cycle through education, prevention programs and policy changes.

“(While) we do not have an exact property in mind, we do have many strong possibilities and have received support from community members, realtors in looking for places,” said Starting Point Executive Director Shea Halula.

He said the “ideal place would be a side-by-side duplex with two separate living quarters,” and should be close to job opportunities, grocery stores and transportation. Transportation for residents, however, could also be provided through the house manager and Treatment and Diversion Program grant funds, Halula said.

Starting Point is looking for an approximate five-bedroom home to house six-to-eight residents and a live-in, on-site manager.

Residents will be referred to the sober house by a variety of sources such as TAD Program coordinator Kerry Young, county District Attorney Adam Gerol, county judges and the Sheriff’s Office as well as through family and self-referrals, the business plan said.

Once individuals are accepted into the house, they are required to participate in the TAD program regardless of the referral. This action allows for additional support through case management that consists of a variety of support and educational groups, drug testing, transportation to job placements, treatment and positive social support since absolute sobriety is expected, according to the sober housing business plan.

Weekly house meetings will occur, enhancing resident accountability and requiring robust week-to-week occupancy agreements that have absolute rules of participation to generate higher success rates, Lappen said.

By using Young’s services through the TAD program and an on-site manager, residents will have strong support with these two positions to stay clean, get and keep a job, and transition back to the community to become a productive citizen, Lappen added.

“What we need is the community to understand the importance of this place as these individuals currently do not have a place to stay,” Halula said. “What we need are businesses to step forward and provide a second chance to these individuals by offering jobs, donations to the house and be accepting in the community.”

Denise Seyfer can be reached at .

‘We have to care about people in order for them to change’
Recovering addict speaks about health care’s role in stopping addiction

By Matt Masterson - Enterprise Staff 

May 7, 2015

WAUKESHA — Waukesha County’s ongoing heroin and opioid crisis is often seen as strictly a law enforcement concern, but one recovering addict spoke with dozens of local doctors and health care workers about what they can do to help curb addiction.

Tyler Lybert, 28, a Hartland resident six years sober after more than a decade battling his addiction to alcohol, heroin and other drugs, appeared with his family Tuesday morning at Waukesha Memorial Hospital to discuss what role the medical field plays in opioid addiction.

The Lybert family — Tyler, parents Sandi and Rick, and sister, Ashleigh — created Your Choice, a drug and alcohol awareness program, to share how addiction can tear a family apart, and how sobriety brought it back together.

While doctors are limited in what they can reveal about a patient’s medical history, Tyler Lybert suggested speaking with families of those who could be abusing drugs to get more insight into what is happening in their lives.

“Even if they are just in for pain management or something and you feel there is something going on,” he said, “being able to talk to their family or parents or somebody around them to see what else is going on outside their environment can be extremely helpful.”

Sandi Lybert said her son received medication often, but because she was not allowed to consult with his doctors, she never knew what he was getting or how often he would use it.

“Never once as a family were we involved,” she said. “So I would say ‘What happened, Tyler?’ and of course he didn’t say a word, so we went home and nothing changed.”

Data from the 2014 Wisconsin Epidemiological Profile on Alcohol and Other Drug Use, released earlier this year, shows that between January and June of 2013, there were 841 prescriptions per 1,000 population in Waukesha County.

The profile shows Waukesha County had 1,098 drug-related hospitalizations in 2012 — the second-highest total among Wisconsin’s 72 counties and more than 7 percent of the 15,454 total hospitalizations statewide that year.

Tyler Lybert described addicts as not only the most manipulative people, but also some of the most believable. He said he could lie his way through any situation with doctors to trick them into believing he wasn’t going to abuse any medicine they prescribed to him.

But the difference came from doctors who didn’t see him as just another patient.

“I think as physicians and treatment providers, you have this normality that sort of happens where they are no longer people,” Tyler Lybert said. “The one thing I learned from going through all the physicians and all that, is the ones who cared and treated me like a person and not just another number made a much bigger impact.

“I understand this is your job and it can be monotonous at times, but we have to care about people in order for them to change.”

Mixed feelings on Narcan

Naloxone, better known as Narcan, an opioid- antagonist used to reverse the effects of a heroin overdose, has undoubtedly saved lives in Waukesha County and beyond, but its overall impact is still unclear.

Waukesha County District Attorney Susan Opper and Metro Drug Unit Commander Frank McElderry, who also spoke during Tuesday’s presentation, showed the relationship between increased Narcan use and the number of heroin deaths remains uncertain.

“When you start coming back down on the overdose deaths, is that because of better awareness and training or was that because more Narcan, or naloxone, is available?” McElderry asked. “We are trying to figure this out.”

Opper said she has mixed feelings on Narcan. While it has saved lives, she said she has also seen several homicide cases where a friend on scene was too busy trying to administer Narcan, rather than calling 911 for help.

“I think it gives them a false sense of security that, ‘Oh, I can use heroin all I want because I have this magic elixir in my pocket in the form of Narcan and if something happens to me I’ll just inject the Narcan and I’ll be fine,’” she said.

“I appreciate that it is saving lives, I truly do, but I am also concerned about that false sense of security that it is offering to the addicts.”

Opper was appointed as district attorney in February, taking over for state Attorney General Brad Schimel. Last year, Schimel told The Freeman he did not buy into the “invincibility argument,” as he called it, that Narcan gives addicts any added sense of security.

“Experience has taught me that whether the antidote is available or not, (heroin addicts) will use,” he told The Freeman last May. “They are not making rational decisions and they do not believe they are going to overdose.”


Opper:‘Tremendous strides’ made on heroin awareness, but work remains
DA encourages public to utilize upcoming drug collection day
By Arthur Thomas- Freeman Staff
April 25, 2015

WAUKESHA — Heroin and prescription drug abuse still remains “the issue facing Waukesha County,” District Attorney Susan Opper said Friday morning, but there have also been “tremendous strides” made in increasing awareness of the problem.

Like her predecessor, Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel, Opper stressed the need for prevention. She urged parents to keep prescription medicine locked up and to utilize drug collection days like the one planned for May 16. She also said the pills teens choose to take can go beyond those meant for humans.

“We’ve seen many, many times kids taking the prescription medication for your pets,” Opper said during the Waukesha County Business Alliance’s One-on-One with Public Officials event.

Opper said parents of teens who become addicted to painkillers or heroin might be unaware in some circumstances, but many are painfully aware of their children’s issues. “It’s not that they sticking their heads in the sand,” Opper said. “It’s the worst nightmare.”

Opper also said doctors need to develop more awareness. She highlighted former Green Bay Packers’ quarterback Brett Favre’s struggles with painkillers as the first time she really recognized the addictive potential of pain pills.

She said her doctor recently offered her Vicodin for a sinus infection and she has dealt with families of former high school athletes who started on pain pills for a sports injury.

“Please don’t think I’m doctor bashing, because I’m not. This is a problem we have to deal with on all levels,” Opper said, adding she feels doctors want to do what they can to help their patients.

‘The most awful life in the world’

She continually stressed the importance of prevention, noting that “nobody is a heroin user” as opposed to being addicted.

Opper recounted a case she prosecuted a few years ago where three young adults were testifying about their daily routines as heroin addicts. The days would include stealing from and lying to friends and family, scrounging for scrap metal or other possible sources of money, and then going to Milwaukee to get heroin. She said the accounts was not unique to the case.

“That’s your life,” said Opper. “Everyday you wake up and you just have to hustle to get 20 bucks together, find a way to get yourself down to Milwaukee, get back and shoot up. That’s your day. Then you go to sleep and the next day you start all over again.

“Can you imagine that? Isn’t that the most awful life in the world?”

The individuals in that case are still using heroin today, Opper said, underscoring the challenges of shaking such an addiction.

While drug treatment courts have had some success, Opper said there are funding issues and the number of people the program can handle is a “drop in the bucket.”

She didn’t have an exact estimate for the number of heroin addicts in the county, but thought it might be from 500 to 1,000, based on her experience. Of those, she estimated 25 percent would be able to get clean.

Opper also doesn’t think media coverage of the heroin issue has gone too far.

“Sometimes I’m a little cautious of what I see in the media. Not on this issue, they have been spot on from what I’ve seen,” she said. “I don’t think they overstate the situation.”



Fighting heroin addiction
County drug task force preparing multistage attack on opioid crisis
By Matt Masterson - Daily News
April 16, 2015

WAUKESHA — Nearly eight months after it first convened, Waukesha County’s Heroin & Other Illicit Drug Task Force is beginning to zero in on a multistage plan of attack on the heroin and opioid crisis that has plagued the area, region and state.

The task force — encompassing dozens of representatives from local and county government, health care, law enforcement and other community resources — uses a five-pillar approach to try and break down the drug epidemic into more manageable segments.

The group met on Tuesday to hear from each pillar — prevention, harm reduction, law enforcement, treatment and workplace — and learn what goals have been identified, how they can be accomplished and what challenges lie ahead.

“Everyone is very excited about where we are going, even though we know we have a ways to go,” Waukesha County Health & Human Services Director Antwayne Robertson said. “We still have the community and all the various systems very invested and continuing this effort.”

The task force is also adding a sixth pillar, focusing on drug-affected infants and giving pregnant mothers the resources and help they need to keep babies from entering the world as addicts.

‘We are in the deep end of the pool’

Each of the pillar groups has conducted preliminary background analysis to identify the next steps to take. For the prevention pillar, this includes universal education on drugs — the group’s tagline is “It doesn’t start with heroin” — and marketing toward parents and children about how addicts typically build toward heroin through marijuana, alcohol or prescription pills.

The law enforcement pillar plans to increase drug and alcohol impairment training as well as giving officers naloxone, an opioid antagonist used to reverse heroin overdoses, and making sure they know how to use it.

“In some cases (law enforcement) are going to be the first responder,” said Dorothy Chaney, president of the Wisconsin Community Health Alliance, “and they want to make sure that their staff is equipped with the drugs but also the knowledge of how to administer them.”

Chaney’s group is based in Marshfield, but she conducts work across the state and has been brought in by the Waukesha task force to ensure its work will have a tangible impact on the community.

To do this, she has challenged each of the pillar groups to identify baseline data — such as the number of times naloxone is administered across the county — that can be used to track success.

Chaney said once each pillar group has the appropriate data, she will compile it all to “tell the story of Waukesha County” in the form of a preliminary analysis that can be used to look back on and gauge success.

She said the most impressive aspect of Tuesday’s meeting was the attendees’ dedication to cooperation.

“That is a really strong statement that they are all working together and we are all sort of working together in our own areas of expertise,” Chaney said. “The groups have really identified some very important strategies that are going to have some pretty immediate impact in Waukesha County on this issue.”

Those strategies include increases in needle exchanges and educating users about the state’s Good Samaritan 911 law, which allows them to avoid arrest if they call 911 to report an overdose.

For the population-level addiction problems, Chaney said it may be five or more years before major changes are seen, but with the steps currently being taken, smaller victories can be found.

“We are in the deep end of the pool,” Chaney said. “These problems do not go away overnight and it is critically important that we have baseline data, so that we are not just working hard, but that we are actually working to do things that are going to have an impact.”



Bill could reclassify opioids
Optometrists don’t see eye-to-eye on prescribing hydrocodone
By ALEX ZANK - Daily News
March 23, 2015


Dr. Jerry Olson of West Bend Optical pulls up photographs of the back of his eyes on a fundus camera. Olson said he has only thought about prescribing medication containing opioids once and ended up prescribing a different medication.   
Alex Zank/Daily News   

A bill that would re-grant prescriptive authority to Wisconsin optometrists for therapeutic medications containing opioids is under consideration in the state Senate. One of the bill’s cosponsors is state Rep. Jesse Kremer (R-Kewaskum).

In August, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency reclassified hydrocodone, a semisynthetic opioid, as a schedule II drug. In Wisconsin, optometrists are allowed to administer schedule III, IV and V drugs, according to the bill.

Dr. Eric Paulsen, a practicing optometrist in Sturgeon Bay and president of the Wisconsin Optometric Association, said optometrists had been using hydrocodone for 25 years before the DEA rescheduling of the drug.

“We’re just trying to reestablish our ability to use something we’ve used a long time,” Paulsen said. “We’re not expanding our scope (with this legislation).”

Paulsen said optometrists need the authority to prescribe the drug, particularly in cases where patients have corneal injuries. He said the cornea, a transparent tissue covering the front of the eye, has more nerve endings than just about anywhere else in the body.

Dr. Jerry Olson, an optometrist at West Bend Optical, said in his 35 years of practice, he only came across one instance where he had considered prescribing a narcotic like hydrocodone. He ended up prescribing something else.

“My feeling is if you do have something lesser, use that (instead),” Olson said.

In a news release from the DEA announcing the rescheduling of hydrocodone, the agency said hydrocodone combination products were shown to have a high potential for abuse.

Drugs that fall into the schedule II category have the highest potential for harm and abuse, according to the DEA release.

Kremer and state Sen. Leah Vukmir (R-Wauwatosa), one of the bill’s authors, did not return calls for comment by deadline.


Drug search my school, kids say
By Denise Seyver - News Graphic Staff
March 19, 2015


Muskego High School Associate Principal John LaFleur talks about drug search policies enacted in his school against the backdrop of photos of former students who died from drug overdoses.  
Photo by Denise Seyfer  

PORT WASHINGTON — Young people may not be dying while they are in high school, but many are dying soon after. Those were the words of Muskego High School Associate Principal John LaFleur during a legal update last Thursday, sponsored by the Ozaukee County Heroin Task Force.

More changes need to happen, LaFleur said.

School leaders, government officials, law enforcement and public safety personnel from around the county attended the event. They also heard presentations from individuals who have committed themselves to working the front lines of Ozaukee County’s opiate and heroin addiction problem, including county Circuit Judge Paul Malloy, District Attorney Adam Gerol, Ozaukee County Sheriff James Johnson and Marian Ballos of Ozaukee County Child Protective Services.

Keeping key stakeholders informed and ahead of recent drug-use statistics was the goal of the gathering, as well as advocating why drug policy changes need to be evaluated, enforced and possibly altered.

“Kids indicated drug searches need to happen inside the schools,” said LaFleur, whose school has a policy to search belongings in classrooms. “Our kids can’t learn when they are high.”

He said drugs move from parking lots to lockers to classrooms.

“The talk was (some) student athletes were abusing pain killers before games, before going out to play football,” he said.

Task force members asked school officials to evaluate their policies to see what else can be done to prevent drugs from making its way onto school campuses.

Currently in southern Ozaukee County schools, police search the parking lots, hallways and lockers.

Conducting random, canine drug searches outside and inside the school buildings, including in classrooms is just one of the proposals being advocated. In fact, some schools in other counties have instituted random drug testing of those students involved in school athletics and other groups or clubs.

These types of searches are legal, Gerol said, as long as the school has adopted a specific policy.

“A school board’s goal is to ensure that the environment where the students are learning is a safe and healthy one,” said Shea Halula, executive director of Starting Point of Ozaukee, which is a task force sponsor. “There are many different ways to ensure this. One piece of the puzzle is searches; it is not a stand-alone activity. Other prevention and intervention activities need to be done to support the end goal.”

When asked his opinion on random drug testing, Cedarburg High School Principal Jeff Nelson said the schools have not had “formal conversations about implementing random drug testing for extracurricular participants. If our school community were interested in adding this, we would have a process that we would follow that would include school board and parent input before moving forward,” he said.

Nelson said that over the past six years, they have averaged two drug searches a year.

“We don’t have dogs go into classrooms and search backpacks, as students are not allowed to carry backpacks into classes.”

Grafton Superintendent Mel Lightner said K9 searches are happening inside his schools. He said he is also considering developing a random drug testing plan to present to the Grafton School Board.

“If one child is deterred from using illegal drugs from a drug test and has a drug-free life, it’s successful,” said Lightner, who had an aggressive drug policy at his former school district in Kimberly.

He considers parking in the school lot a privilege, as such, when attaining a parking permit he suggested a condition be an agreement to random drug testing and searches, in addition to a required agreement when participating in school co-curriculars and athletics.

Lightner said he wanted to deter students from using marijuana. He suggested more needs to be done to curtail boredom and engage students on the weekends by opening the schools and the gymnasiums.

“I can understand that some parents might be apprehensive,” Halula said. “However, it goes back to the student’s well-being, safety and healthy decisions. All three of these are taken in account when (searches) are done.”

Ozaukee County Sheriff James Johnson said he believes school searches involving police dogs should be part of a comprehensive approach to keeping schools drug- free “as is education, prevention and parental involvement.”

Ozaukee County has shown an increase in drug crimes and felonies over the past three years, Gerol said. In 2014, the county experienced a record 363 reported felonies and 284 drug-related crimes. The year before, the county reported 254 drug crimes and 303 felonies.

According to the DA, the road to addiction takes a predictive path, starting with peer pressure and experimentation. The easy availability of a cheap, highly addictive substance only adds to the problem with addiction following.

“We can create a scarcity of the resource,” Gerol said, “We may not be able to prosecute our way out of this drug problem. We can and should make it as difficult as possible for users to acquire and consume drugs.”

Yet, Gerol said he wants to provide help for those addicted and “give the heroin addict a chance to succeed.”

“The safety of our children, whether at school, at home or playing, is a priority of all law enforcement,” Johnson said. “(By) working together with students, parents, schools and law enforcement, increased safety can be achieved.”

Denise Seyfer can be reached at .

Students will face random drug tests next year
School Board passes policy including middle schoolers in program
By Eric Oliver - Enterprise Staff
March 19, 2015


Oconomowoc High School Principal Joseph Moylan spoke passionately about the random drug testing policy after watching it fail 12 years ago. The policy was unanimously approved by the four board members present Tuesday.   
Eric Oliver/Enterprise Staff  

OCONOMOWOC — An outpouring of community support urged the Oconomowoc Area School Board to approve the random drug testing policy at the March 17 board meeting.

Fifteen community members spoke to the four board members present to vote for the policy, two spoke against it. After public comment, the board voted unanimously to approve the policy. Three board members were absent and excused from the meeting.

Starting next year, the policy calls for randomly testing students in grades seven to 12 who are in sports and extracurricular activities. Students signing up to park in the high school parking lot will also be subject to testing.

A portion of the policy relating to seventh and eighth grade testing was amended. Originally, when a seventh or eighth grader is selected, a parent would be notified before to witness the test with their student. The amendment adds the option for the parent to designate someone to witness the test if they are unavailable.

With the policy approved, the district will be the first in the state to randomly drug test students at the middle school level, board member Dave Guckenberger said.

Guckenberger — who said at past board meetings he was against the policy because of the inclusion of seventh and eighth graders — said he was convinced by public support at the meeting to change his position.

Oconomowoc High School Principal Joseph Moylan spoke passionately about the need for the policy. After watching the first attempt at a drug testing policy fail 12 years ago, Moylan addressed issues he heard brought to the board regarding the current effort. One claim against the policy was it would deter participation in activities; Moylan referenced his testing of students with a breathalyzer at dances and said 900 students were at the last dance.

Moylan also said he shows up to work every day because he cares about the kids in the community and it took too long for the policy’s implementation.

“I’m sad to say that tonight I’m asking you sitting at this table for the second time to do something for our kids,” Moylan said. “I’m sad to say that I have watched, went through six funerals last year of kids who died, and I wish I didn’t have to.”

Board President Don Wiemer talked about the past failed attempt and said his position as Oconomowoc Lake Police Chief has made him “sick” of the substance abuse problem seen in young people in Oconomowoc. He said the policy was the right thing to do.

“If we would’ve passed it back then, (are) there any lives we could’ve saved?” Wiemer said. “We don’t know that. We can’t go back 12 years. We’re here today.”


‘Let’s do some crazy things to make WISCONSIN a HEALTHIER PLACE’ 
Schimel:Breaking addiction crisis requires outside-the-box thinking
By Matt Masterson - Freeman Staff
March 9, 2015

The Lybert family — from left, Tyler, Ashleigh, Sandi and Rick — spoke during Friday’s “Three Voices of Recovery” luncheon at Waukesha County Technical College about the toll addiction took on their family and the path taken to recovery.        
Matt Masterson/Freeman Staff

PEWAUKEE — Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel said it is going to take some “crazy things” to make Wisconsin a healthier place by breaking free from the heroin and opioid addiction crisis that has gripped the state.

Speaking at Rosecrance Health Network’s “Three Voices Making a Difference for Recovery” event at Waukesha County Technical College on Friday, Schimel said society needs to change the conversation about addiction and help people realize that being an addict does not mean he or she has character flaws.

“Because parents with kids who are addicted — or worse, they have had to bury — are anxious to tell you that their kid isn’t weak,” he said. “They are very anxious for me to know that their kid wasn’t weak, their kid wasn’t morally corrupt. Their kid was a good kid.

“We need to change the conversation so more people recognize that it is OK to ask for help, it is OK to have this conversation with your kids.”

Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel spoke at Friday’s “Three Voices of Recovery” luncheon about doing some “crazy things” to make Wisconsin a healthier place.        
Matt Masterson/Freeman Staff

The former Waukesha County district attorney cited data from the Office of National Drug Control Policy, indicating deaths from opioids rose by 1 percent from 2012 to 2013 — a total four times higher that that of a decade ago — and heroin- related overdose deaths increased by 39 percent.

“What if we saw in the course of a decade the deaths from traffic accidents quadruple or if we saw from 2012 to 2013 the deaths from traffic crashes go up by 39 percent?” Schimel said. “What would we be prepared to do about it as a state, as a community, a county? We would do crazy things.”

Schimel said Waukesha County is blessed with the treatment and recovery resources it has, adding that people across the state are forced to drive through multiple counties to find the level of treatment available in Waukesha.

Schimel said his office plans to fund another statewide drug takeback in May, allowing residents to turn in unused or unwanted prescription medications. He said 68 percent of those who abuse prescription medications got them from a family member or friend.

“We have a lot of work in front of us,” Schimel said. “We have a lot of people we have to return back to productive members and healthy members of our society. The ripples of this, if we don’t do crazy things, are going to go on and on and on.”

Lending a hand

Also speaking during the event were Flo Hilliard, director of Wisconsin Voices for Recovery, as well as Sandi and Rick Lybert, a Hartland couple whose son, Tyler, celebrated his sixth anniversary of beginning recovery Friday.

The Lyberts appeared with Tyler and his sister, Ashleigh, to talk about the impact addiction had on their family as well as Your Choice — a drug and alcohol abuse prevention, education and awareness program for students and parents that they began.

As a teen and into his early 20s, Tyler Lybert was a heroin addict and an alcoholic. He said he would wake up daily and vow to quit, but would be back using again by that afternoon.

“I didn’t think surviving was even possible,” he said, “I tried different treatments, I tried counseling and things like that, but none of it ever worked. I didn’t see any way out, so I figured my only way out would be death. I thought if I die, maybe my family could finally have some peace.”

The addiction led to Tyler getting evicted from his home and, as the Lyberts put it, “wreaked havoc on (their) marriage, family and finances.”

Tyler said he eventually faced the choice of entering treatment or never speaking with his family again. He entered Waukesha County’s Alcohol Treatment Court, graduated, and remains on the road to recovery.

“Recovery is possible,” Sandi Lybert said, “and we are here as a family showing that it is.”


Why I will NEVER let heroin win
By Linda Lenz
March 5, 2015

Last month marked two years since I last saw my son Tony alive.

When he was alive he was magic. Beautiful like a shooting star. Full of emotion. Public radio kind of intelligent. Artistic. Funnier than anyone I have ever met. I mean smart funny. He was strong and brave yet soft and loving — to everyone. Especially to his brother and to us, his mom and dad.

On Feb. 13, 2013 as I sat having lunch at the mall with a friend, holding her baby I heard my phone ring. I left work early and thought, “My stupid boss. I’ll call back later.” But after the fifth ring I answered. It was my husband, Rick. “It’s Tony,” he said.

God, I knew.

“What happened? Is he in the hospital? What hospital?” I pleaded. Rick hesitated. He was on the phone while running through the mall trying to find me.

“He’s not in the hospital,” Rick said.

“Is he OK?” I screamed.

“No,” Rick answered.

Our lives changed in an instant.

You love and protect your kids when they are alive. You fight like a tiger to protect their memory when they are gone.

One of the worst things about losing a child to an overdose is that you feel you must convince people your child was good. I will tell you how my son died all day long. Heroin! But having to defend my beautiful son to those who stand in judgment is torture.

Why in the world would my son stick a needle in his arm? Someone please tell me!

Nearly 95 percent of the people I have spoken with (hundreds of addicts) first became opiate addicts by using prescription pain pills. They are opiates. They work the same way on the brain as heroin. They can make you an opiate addict even if properly prescribed for pain.

Our older son, Canton, died in 2010 from a rare genetic disorder, vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Near the end of his life, he was prescribed a tremendous amount of narcotics to help him with pain. But even he was treated like an addict near the end. Funny. You can be dying and you are judged based on this epidemic. But, the epidemic itself is never addressed!

While our Tony was alive, we had no idea about opiates. I thought Tony made a bad decision — he chose to shoot heroin. I was wrong. He took a risk as teens do. He thought a prescription pill was not all that dangerous. He had his wisdom teeth out and I let him have the whole prescription (too many pills!) because I thought it was a lesson in growing up. Well, my son did make one bad decision, but it was not to shoot heroin. It was disguised as a prescription. Something safe. Something the other kids were using in high school.

One problem is that many physicians have not been trained properly in prescribing these drugs. And even worse, if you tell your prescribing doctor you think you are addicted to opiates, he or she may take you off with no help for the addiction. This turns a soccer mom into a heroin addict. It isn’t just a “Dr. Phil” segment. It is real and families are being torn apart.

Don’t tell me this is not a disease! Seriously. I will have to wrestle you to the floor.

At first, I grappled with the notion that a disease can come from something you choose to ingest, although cigarettes cause cancer, the wrong foods can cause type II diabetes, etc. We do things to our bodies that make us sick. I had to understand why the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention labeled this a disease. How could you choose to take a pill or try a drug and then say, “I have a disease”? I found this amazing video, “Heroin at Home,” that explains scientifically what this drug does to the brain. Please share it. If you haven’t been touched by this epidemic — bigger than measles, the flu, Ebola — on this planet, then I am sorry to tell you, you probably will be. If you hear anything that I am saying in memory of my Tony, please hear this: Heroin cannot win! That is how it is. We can’t and I won’t let it win.

We have a power, together. Do not stop telling everyone there is an epidemic and it starts with pills. If you are in recovery, if you have an addicted child, spouse or loved one ... do not give up hope. Not ever.

Because if we give up, even once, heroin wins.

For me, heroin will never win. This is my gift to my son.

I love you, Tony.

— Mom (Linda Lenz lives in Muskego.)


A needle that can save addicts’ lives
AIDS Resource Center gives out free Narcan and syringes
Feb. 24, 2015

Dennis Radloff of the AIDS Research Center of Wisconsin points to his presentation while holding a syringe with naloxone during a training session Saturday at the Democratic Party of Washington County in West Bend. Naloxone, known by the brand name Narcan, is used on individuals that overdose on opiates or heroin.        
John Ehlke/Daily News

Kelly Krueger of West Bend cringes when her phone rings late at night.

During her days, her thoughts often stray to funeral plans.

She is the mother of an addict.

On Saturday, however, Krueger and about 20 others learned how to administer naloxone, better known by the brand name of Narcan, an antidote used to reverse opiate or heroin overdoses. Kits containing five doses of naloxone and five syringes are available for free through the AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin in Milwaukee.

Krueger said her child’s path to addiction started the way many do — with an injury and a prescription for a powerful painkiller.

Krueger said her child “had a whole life ahead of her” before addiction took over her life.

“People here would like to push it aside and not think there is a heroin problem in West Bend, but it’s here,” Krueger said. “There have been so many overdoses. Our young people are dying. It’s very scary.”

Krueger, who attended the naloxone training session Saturday afternoon in downtown West Bend, said having an antidote on hand has given her “some peace of mind.”

“It’s something you hope you never have to use but I’m glad I have it,” Krueger said.

AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin Prevention Specialist Dennis Radloff, who conducted the training session, said naloxone is not physically or psychologically addicting.

According to a handout Radloff provided from the AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin, “naloxone has no effects of its own — using it without having opiates in you is like injecting water” and “it has no potential for abuse.”

Radloff said the acronym to remember when it comes to what to do if someone is found unresponsive is “SCARE ME” — Stimulation, Call for help, Airway, Rescue breathing, Evaluate, Muscular injection and Evaluate.

“The ‘S’ is for stimulation,” Radloff said. “Can the person be awakened? If the person has taken a high amount of opiates or heroin, they’ll be drowsy or nod off. Try to rub their chest bone with your knuckles to awaken the person.”

Other signs of a possible overdose are a pale complexion or a bluish-tinged face or lips and slow, raspy breathing with gurgling or choking sounds.

Radloff said the next step is to call 911, if the person is not responding.

Clear the person’s airway, making sure nothing is in their mouth and then perform rescue breathing, doing two quick breaths every five seconds. Evaluate the person to see if they are any better and determine if you can get the naloxone and prepare it quickly enough so the person will not have to go without breathing assistance very long.

Next, inject one dose of naloxone into a muscle.

Radloff said emergency responders and law enforcement officers use a form of naloxone inhaled through the nose. Due to its high cost, the kits provided for free through the Naloxone Program of the AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin-Prevention Department contain five small vials of a single dose each and five syringes.

“You can give the injection right through someone’s clothes, either in their thigh, butt or shoulder,” Radloff said. “Usually one shot does it but if the person is still unresponsive another dose can be given. Naloxone wears off in 30 to 90 minutes.”

Kimberly Roemer, who started a support group in West Bend that meets the first and third Thursdays of the month for families of addicts, those who have lost loved ones to opiate or heroin and addicts in recovery, said more than 40 people attended the first naloxone training session, with Saturday being the second one.

“Addiction hurts everyone,” Roemer said. “It doesn’t discriminate. It doesn’t discriminate by color, gender, religion, sexual orientation or station in life.”

“We’ve seen kids in middle school and people in their 80s who are addicts,” Roemer said. “The addiction often starts with prescription opiates.”

Roemer said the opiate abuse situation is so dire that she’s even heard of “kids having parties after raiding their parents or grandparents medicine cabinets and trying all the drugs they’ve found.”

“We need to talk about these things even in elementary school because we’re seeing children whose parents are addicts,” she said.

Roemer said she would like to hold naloxone training sessions once a month.

For more information about the support group or the training sessions, email Roemer at kimberly .

For more information about the free naloxone kits, call the AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin, 3716 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee, at 800-359-9272 or 414-225-1608.


Heroin Education Night 2015

The Heroin Task Force of Ozaukee County hosted a drug education night at Homestead High School in Mequon where participants, youth and adults, heard from an array of speakers how drug addiction, especially to prescription drugs like opiates and heroin, can ruin lives and kill those who use and abuse those substances.
Posted 02-20-2015


Heroin, opiate deaths remain steady in 2014
Nearly three dozen died in Waukesha County last year due to drugs
By Matt Masterson - Freeman Staff
Feb. 20, 2015

WAUKESHA — The total number of drug-related deaths in Waukesha County dropped slightly from 2013 to 2014, but deaths related to heroin and other opiates were nearly mirror images from the previous year.

According to data from the Waukesha County Medical Examiner’s office, 34 people died either from an accident, suicide or an undetermined manner relating to drugs last year, based on completed death certificates. Of those, 10 deaths were heroin-related and 20 involved opiates, either alone or in combination with other substances.

Only three of those 20 opiate- related deaths were caused by opiates alone, according to the data. Fourteen others were found to be in combination with some other substance, while the other three deaths were listed as “opiate unspecified.”

The data also showed three deaths were caused by non-opiate medications and one was due to an over-the-counter medicine.

“Very frankly, even one death is one too many,” said Joe Muchka, executive director of the Addiction Resource Council. “We all agree with (state Attorney General Brad Schimel) that the major issue is really opiates and prescription drug abuse that leads to heroin abuse.”

In 2013, there were 35 recorded drug-related deaths — 10 of which were caused by heroin and another 21 involved opiate prescription medications. The year prior to that, Waukesha County had 21 deaths from heroin and 28 opiate-related deaths.

Twenty-four of the deaths were ruled accidents, while five were deemed suicides and five more were undetermined.

Waukesha County District Attorney Susan Opper said the numbers show the area is “holding steady,” but was unsure if that is a positive or negative.

Before she was appointed DA by Gov. Scott Walker earlier this month, Opper worked for the county as a deputy district attorney, almost exclusively handling Len Bias homicide cases — in which drug dealers are charged with first-degree reckless homicide when someone dies from using their product.

She still plans on handling those cases personally.

A newly galvanized community

Many heroin addicts begin by taking prescription medications, which both Opper and Muchka said are becoming far too easily obtainable.  Data from the 2014 Wisconsin Epidemiological Profile on Alcohol and Other Drug Use shows that between January and June of 2013, there were 841 prescriptions per 1,000 population in Waukesha County. “For me, from what I see, the issue continues to be the painkillers and how readily available they are,” Opper said. “I think it is more of a societal change that needs to occur that will obviously take a significant amount of time and effort.”

The profile also shows Waukesha County had 1,098 drug-related hospitalizations in 2012 — the second-highest total among Wisconsin’s 72 counties and more than 7 percent of the 15,454 total hospitalizations statewide that year.

Opper believes doctors need to understand the impact opiates they prescribe can have.

“I just don’t think they see where it leads to,” she said. “Their intentions are very good, they are trying to help a patient, but I don’t think they see the big picture. They don’t see the end result that we do.”

With more than two dozen deaths, 2014 becomes at least the third consecutive year in which heroin- and opiate-related deaths have outpaced the number of traffic fatalities in Waukesha County. In 2012 and 2013 each, 28 people died in traffic accidents and another 24 fatalities were recorded last year, according to preliminary data from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation.

“That is shocking,” Muchka said. “If that continues to trend upwards, we have a major, major problem we have got to deal with.”

But Muchka believes local awareness has increased dramatically as parents have begun taking more notice of the problem.

The movement is also beginning to pick up support from private businesses and the medical field, which could bring in more funding for education and prevention programs.

Muchka said the issue is galvanizing the local community.

“Everybody is coming together in Waukesha County in ways that we haven’t before,” he said. “It may have happened slowly, but the good news is that it is happening.”


OASD drug testing hits speed bump
Community members urge board to consider policy again after alleged inaccuracies, confusing wording
By Eric Oliver - Enterprise Staff
Feb. 19, 2015

OCONOMOWOC — A random drug testing policy for students in the Oconomowoc Area School District will have to clear one more hurdle, after community members raised concerns at the School Board’s Tuesday meeting.

The board’s Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment Committee had recommended the board waive a second reading and approve the policy. Board member Steve Zimmer made a motion to do just that, but eventually recalled it after considering what two community members said during public comment against bypassing the second reading.

The board ultimately approved a first reading of the policy by a 6-1 vote. Board member Dave Guckenberger, who is against the policy testing intermediate school students, was the lone dissenting vote.

The community concerns focused on questions regarding survey data used to support the policy and whether the public wanted the policy.

Oconomowoc resident Karl Buschhaus urged the board to examine the information posted on the OASD website after finding what he believes are inaccuracies in drug usage surveys presented to the board. He claimed that information in the Youth Behavior Risk Survey, a survey of the students enrolled in health classes is inaccurate.

While Director of Student Services Lisa Dawes admitted at the Tuesday meeting the data on the survey was confusing, Oconomowoc High School counselor Scott Bakkum told the Enterprise Wednesday the data may have underreported the amount of drug use. Director of Communications and Marketing Kate Winkler said Wednesday the district could not release the survey. “We are confident that the proposed drug testing policy was crafted using a highly inclusive process involving parents, staff, students and community members over the past 9 months,” according to a district statement released by Winkler. “The data shows that drug use and abuse is a public health crisis in our state and our community. We are making every effort to help our children stay safe and drug-free. This policy is part of a comprehensive approach to intervention, consistent with our AODA programs district-wide.”

Buschhaus also said even though the majority of parents at the public meeting in October spoke out against the drug policy, the board was assured the “silent majority,” was for it at the February Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment Committee meeting. He asked the board to gather more information and to possibly survey parents.

Board member Jessica Karnowski was one of the parents at that October meeting before she was a member of the board.

She previously told the Enterprise she had concerns about the policy, including whether it would deter drug use and the role parents would have. She also said the district’s proposed policy a “bullying tactic.”

Karnowski addressed those comments at the meeting in a long speech stressing the growing heroin problem in the community. She said she changed her mind after doing some research and failing to find a study or statistic that implied a drug test at school would be detrimental to a student body.

“Let’s give them another weapon in their arsenal to say no,” Karnowski said.

The policy will be brought up at the March 17 meeting.

Helping heroin addicts test jails
Inmates having withdrawal symptoms need to be monitored
By AMANDA VOSS - Daily News
Feb. 1, 2015


Washington County Sheriff Dale Schmidt gives an update during the Common Sense Citizens of Washington County on Wednesday at the Moose Lodge chapter 1398 in West Bend.        
John Ehlke/Daily News

The number of heroin-addicted inmates — some of whom are monitored every 30 minutes for withdrawal symptoms — has increased in the Washington County Jail.

Lt. Scott Lehman of the Washington County Sheriff’s Department said they’ve seen steady growth in that area.

“I’ve worked here for 15 years,” Lehman said. “When I started I got a few who said they’ve used it and now it’s a regular thing.”

Members of the Ozaukee County Sheriff’s Department are seeing the same.

Capt. Jeffrey Sauer, jail administrator and court services captain at the Ozaukee County Jail, said there’s been a dramatic increase in the number of inmates addicted to heroin in their jail.

The inside of a holding cell is seen Friday at the Ozaukee Sheriff’s Department in Port Washington.       
John Ehlke/Daily News

He said on a Monday, there used to be one or two inmates in the Ozaukee County Jail addicted to heroin; now six out of eight of its observation cells are used to treat inmates addicted to heroin arrested over the weekend.

Lt. Martin Schulteis of the Washington County Sheriff’s Department said heroin is a Schedule I drug as defined by Wisconsin statues. When someone is arrested for the possession of a Schedule I or II narcotic drug they are not arrested on the specific drug for possession, but the class of drugs.

In 2014, there were 258 physical bookings into the Washington County Jail for possession of a Schedule I or II narcotic drug. There were 36 more bookings for the delivery of heroin.

Lehman said inmates come in the jail through the booking area.

He said officers make an assessment to determine whether or not the person arrested is fit for jail. Information from the arresting officer is examined, a questionnaire is filled out about medical and mental health, and inmates are asked if they take any drugs.

“A lot of other people we see they’ve been through our system,” Lehman said. “We look at past history.”

If an officer finds out the inmate has used heroin, Lehman said certain procedures are put in place.

“Our first concern is their health,” Lehman said. “If they’ve used within 24 hours, they are put on a watch. An officer comes around every 30 minutes and logs their behavior.”

If the inmate hasn’t used within 24 hours, but is showing signs of withdrawal, they are put on a watch, Lehman said.

Steve Dahlen, house manager at Exodus House in Kewaskum, said he’s been told the symptoms include shakes, hot and cold sweats, body aches, vomiting and diarrhea.

“Basically, the way it’s been described to me is you feel like you are going to die and you almost wish you were dead,” Dahlen said.

Dahlen, a recovering alcoholic, said the last time he was incarcerated in 2005 heroin wasn’t as prominent as it is now.

“Every once in a while you got a guy in your pod withdrawing from heroin,” Dahlen said. “They pretty much sit in their cell. They don’t do anything. They’re just feeling miserable. Maybe after four or five days they start to eat a little something. Maybe a week to two weeks they start to feel a little better.”

Cheryl Gnodtke, lead nurse at the Ozaukee County Jail, said inmates experiencing heroin withdrawal are put in an observation cell. Their blood pressure, heart rate, physical symptoms, changes in appetite, auditory or visual hallucinations are monitored.

She said inmates experiencing withdrawal symptoms are usually monitored 48-72 hours and then the inmate is transferred to the general population where they are monitored.

In the Washington County Jail, a nurse completes a medical assessment and some inmates are prescribed medication for withdrawals.

Since Lehman has been at the Washington County Sheriff’s Department he said they’ve taken more of a medical approach when monitoring inmates experiencing heroin withdrawals.

“With the sheer numbers we are seeing we’re a lot more defined on what we do,” Lehman said adding there are more tools at their disposal like checking oxygen levels.

“Our officers do a fantastic job,” Lehman said, adding their booking officers attend drug abuse recognition training.

Glenn Zipperer, a licensed clinical social worker and certified substance abuse counselor at the Ozaukee County Jail, said there is more of an emphasis on medical treatment whereas before it was a cold-turkey approach.

There are also treatment programs in the Washington and Ozaukee jails to help inmates addicted to heroin, other drugs and alcohol.

“We have volunteers who run a Narcotics Anonymous group with the jail, which has been well attended, but unfortunately we are not equipped to be a rehabilitation center,” Lehman said. “We work with human services to help provide inmates with information on other resources available in the community and we do everything we can to help stabilize them while they are incarcerated.”

Zipperer said in the holding area at the Ozaukee County Jail inmates are assessed and learn about the treatment programs and services available like individual and group counseling.

Ozaukee County Jail might offer a new treatment program specifically for inmates addicted to heroin, Sauer said.

“It’s still in the beginning stages of that,” Sauer said, adding they are teaming up with the human services department, but the program is a work in progress and is not sure when it will be implemented.

Dahlen runs an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting as a volunteer in the Washington County Jail and said some inmates, who are addicted to alcohol and heroin, have been in AA meetings. He said inmates learn coping skills, life skills and how to eliminate their triggers.

“Anything visual, audio or feeling a sensation of the drug or the drink,” Dahlen said. “A lot of times for the addicts a lot of them get a little rush from the pin prick of the needle and the drug isn’t even in them yet. When they see documentaries like ‘Intervention’ that could be a trigger.”

He said inmates also learn how to deal with life on life’s terms, come to terms with what their addiction is, who they’ve hurt and how it affects everyone.

Dahlen said when some inmates are released from jail they go back to using right away.

“Something to celebrate for getting out of jail or that’s their comfort zone,” Dahlen said.

Dahlen has also seen heroin use grow.

“Say 12 to 13 years ago, I went through Exodus House as a resident the first time it was primarily alcohol,” Dahlen said. “There might be one or two cocaine addicts and there really was no heroin. I went through the Exodus House again in 2008 and as a resident I noticed a couple of guys out of 20 that had pill addictions and sometimes heroin.”

He said he’s been working at Exodus House for six and a half years and the number of residents addicted to heroin has doubled every year.

Sauer said heroin has been an issue that has increased in the last five years in Ozaukee County.

“We’re struggling to address it,” Sauer said. “It’s been a rapidly increasing problem.”

He said if the program to help inmates addicted to heroin is set up in the Ozaukee County Jail, it could be a solution.

When asked if the increase in inmates who come to the Washington County Jail addicted to heroin has cost the Washington County Sheriff’s Department, Lehman said it would be difficult to determine.

“Yes, heroin addiction costs the entire community on multiple levels, but putting a dollar amount on what it costs the Sheriff’s Department would be difficult, if not impossible to do,” Lehman said.


Drug Treatment Court program helps addicts,
suffers from low graduation rate
By Matt Masterson - Freeman Staff
Jan. 29, 2015


WAUKESHA — Kyle Steinbrecher knows where his life could have gone if he hadn’t entered Waukesha County’s Drug Treatment Court program.

“I would be dead or in prison,” he said, “but probably dead.”

Steinbrecher, 26, graduated from the program in November after more than a year of treatment and said he is grateful for the opportunity he was offered to get help and break his addiction.

The program, which began in 2012, offers addicts who are facing criminal charges the chance to avoid jail time with regular court appearances and case management appointments, including office and home visits as well as random alcohol and drug testing.

But through two full years, the graduation rate for DTC stands at just 35 percent — less than half the rate for the county’s Alcohol Treatment Court, which deals with thirdand fourth-time operating while intoxicated offenders — according to Sara Carpenter, the multicounty court services administrator for Wisconsin Community Services.

“What we hear from participants,” she said, “is that it is a whole different animal than Alcohol Treatment Court. Addiction to this drug is a whole different ball game and these clients have so many struggles and it isn’t just addiction — it’s family, it is mental health, it’s employment, it’s education.”

A dangerous gateway

Steinbrecher, who spoke before the county’s Criminal Justice Collaborating Committee during its meeting Wednesday, said he began using marijuana when he was 17. Quickly, though, that took a turn down a more dangerous path.

“My addiction progressed through marijuana to Ecstasy, cocaine, acid, mushrooms, heroin and opiates,” he said. “When I got to opiates it was like I found my calling for drugs.”

He said a dealer started off giving him the drugs for free, but when that ran out he was forced to start buying them. Once he lost his job, he turned to stealing, lying and manipulating his way into finding his next fix. He pleaded guilty to charges of burglary and delivering narcotics on separate occasions before an arrest for disorderly conduct had him facing a decade in prison.

“That was kind of like my wake-up call,” he said. “Everybody has their different rock bottom or a wake-up call — for me it was facing 10 years in prison and realizing is prison really going to help me or is it just going to give me different connections?”

Instead, his attorney got him enrolled in the Drug Treatment Court program, sparing him from further jail time.

Not many grads

Carpenter said participants in Drug Treatment Court also have far more needs than their counterparts in ATC, which demands more from the program’s two caseworkers — who, she said, barely have time to eat lunch.

Their current caseload includes 46 participants.

In a report to the CJCC, Carpenter said in 2014 DTC accepted 112 participants and finished the year with 59 more on its wait list. Of those accepted, seven graduated, bringing the program’s total number of graduates up to 17 in its history.

Those numbers compare rather unfavorably with Alcohol Treatment Court, where last year alone there were 31 graduates from the third-offense OWI population and 17 more from the fourtime offenders.

In addition, graduates from DTC last year were with the program for an average of 556 days — well above the 425day average for third-time OWI offenders.

CJCC Coordinator Rebecca Luczaj said the county is aware of these disparities and is taking steps to try and boost DTC graduation, including reaching out to American University, a nationwide technical assistance provider for the program.

“I told them our dilemma,” Luczaj said, “that we have a low graduation rate and wanted them to look at that and see what we can do. So they are actually going to send us some technical assistance consultants who are going to meet with our team and work with us just analyzing how our program operates now and maybe make some suggestions of some things we can do to maybe increase that number.”

‘I have my old son back.’

Steinbrecher entered Drug Treatment Court on Oct. 31, 2013. He said the early stages of the program were overwhelming because so much is required. But within a couple months, he was in a routine and became more comfortable with his caseworkers.

“I was closed in the beginning,” he said. “But I realized that unless you talk about something, you are not going to fix it.

“If I could fix my own problem... I wouldn’t need any of you. If I could get off drugs on my own it would be like, whatever, but that is not the case.”

He said he relied on the color call system, a daily routine where participants are called for random drug tests based on different colors chosen each day, to help him stay focused on recovery rather than seeking out drugs — something he said never really crossed his mind during treatment.

Steinbrecher graduated from Drug Treatment Court on Nov. 18, 2014, 383 days after he entered it. He said he is back working and still receives help from staff as well as monthly injections of Vivitrol — an opioid receptor antagonist used once monthly to combat opioid dependence.

He received an ovation from the full committee after sharing his story and was invited by CJCC Chair Judge Jennifer Dorow to return to the program in the future as a visitor.

“I appreciate the opportunity I got,” he said. “My mom is happy — she is like ‘I have my old son back.’”



Rindo: ‘I’m sick and tired of burying kids’ 
School Board committee approves random drug test policy
By Eric Oliver - Enterprise Staff 
Jan. 29, 2015

OCONOMOWOC — A School Board committee on Tuesday approved a policy that could see 75 percent to 80 percent of Oconomowoc students in grades seven through 12 randomly drug tested starting next year.

The Committee on Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment approved the proposal, which, if the School Board approves it at its Feb. 17 meeting, would apply to all students engaged in sports and extracurricular activities and those signing up to park in the high school parking lot.

Random drug tests

Director of Student Services and Special Education Lisa Dawes presented the proposed random drug test policies to the committee. Under the plan, the district would cover the cost of a standard split sample test, where two specimens are separately screened for drugs. If a parent or student wishes to contest a positive finding, a third test of the original sample can be done at their expense.

If the policy is approved by the board, the next steps will be to look for a vendor to conduct the testing, make updates to the student handbooks, develop a conset form and have conversations at freshman athletic meetings about the new policy.

School Board members John Suttner and Jessica Karnowski showed interest over an option for private testing that could be conducted at a pre-approved offsite facility within 24 hours.

Dawes said that should not be considered because of the possibility of altering the sample.

Oconomowoc Area School District Superintendent Roger Rindo said standardizing is the best way to ensure equal treatment to all students. Dawes and Rindo said that the test as well as the inclusion of all the current anti-drug practices will be another tool for students to say no.

“As superintendent we’re responsible for 5,200 kids and if this is a policy that impacts one life I can’t say that it is something I can’t fully support,” Rindo said. “Right now we can’t say that we are doing everything and I’m sick and tired of burying kids. At least if we have this in place along with all the other things we are doing I can sleep at night saying we are doing everything we can.”

Karnowski had another concern over the effectiveness of the new drug policy as a deterrent since the current policy is not acting as such. Rindo said that the current policy is not sufficient enough because it can only punish students for drug use on the property or by admission.

Dawes said a reason it’s ineffective is because it relies heavily on students to report illegal substance use, which does not happen.



Heroin problem not going away; a sustained fight needed
Enterprise Editorial Board
Jan. 29, 2015

The heroin problem in Waukesha County, like hundreds of other communities in the U.S., is not going away anytime soon — particularly if we take our eyes off the ultimate goal: saving lives and getting addicts in treatment.

Oconomowoc Area School District Superintendent Roger Rindo said at a meeting of the Committee on Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment he didn’t want to sound melodramatic, but that he was “sick of burying kids.”

His message wasn’t melodramatic, it was the truth and it needs to be amplified many times over until everyone hears it loud and clear: We must stop the senseless deaths of our young people.

Rindo and the school district’s aggressive drug testing policy is in the right; unprecedented risks require unprecedented measures, particularly when safeguarding against a foe as insidious as opiates.

It might be difficult for parents to imagine their middle schoolers, or even elementary schoolers, experimenting with or using drugs. However, time and time again, we see court documents that outline the use and abuse of opiates by teens and even pre-teens.

It is easy to rally a community beset by tragedy, be that cancer or a terrible accident or an overdose. However, what’s really needed is sustained awareness about the problem by every person in the community.

Opiate addiction has no socioeconomic or racial boundaries. Blame is irrelevant and wrongheaded. Solutions are the only thing that matter.

In that spirit, the next Stairway to Heroin event will take place on Tuesday, Feb. 17, starting with a resource fair at 5:45 p.m. and a program from 6:30 p.m. to 8 p.m. at Westbrook Church, 1100 Highway 83 in Hartland.

The event is the third in the Stairway to Heroin series and is titled “A Bridge to Action, Communities Coming Together.”

We strongly recommend everyone attend. The event is free and more information can be found at

Avoiding the ‘tangle’of the courts
Program offers new options for addicts who commit crimes
By Denise Seyfer - News Graphic Staff 
Jan. 22, 2015

PORT WASHINGTON — A newly implemented program is giving new options for selected drug offenders with a hope that it will curb the drug problem countywide and keep the offenders out of the criminal justice system.

Thanks to a $132,900 grant from the Wisconsin Department of Justice, the Ozaukee County District Attorney’s Office and local judges are working with Starting Point of Ozaukee to implement a treatment alternatives and diversion program, or TAD, for offenders who meet the criteria. The county is making a $37,780 match. The goal of the program is to change the behavior of those who may have committed crimes due to their drug or alcohol addiction.

“The program is actively (helping individuals,)” said Kerry Young, TAD program coordinator and case manager for Ozaukee County. “What this program offers to individuals who have alcohol or drug charges is an opportunity to avoid getting tangled in the criminal justice system.”

Ozaukee County currently has eight active TAD cases, with three cases pending and five cases that were pinpointed for diversion or deferred prosecution and have not responded to the opportunity to enter the program, Young said.

Recently released statistics from the Ozaukee County Sheriff’s Office drug unit show seizures of prescription drugs, heroin, cocaine and marijuana support the necessity to provide substance abuse treatment, interventions and education.

“The numbers are solely based on the drug unit’s activity,” said Ozaukee Sheriff’s Lt. Rodney Galbraith, head of the drug unit. “As far as cocaine and marijuana being higher is very much likely affected by who the informant(s) was and who they had access to during that year and not by the availability or price of the drug. Other drug levels that were down were likely caused by a lack of informants rather than any change in the levels of availability of the drug … (it’s) not a reflection of the problem.”

Four deputies make up the drug unit. The seizure figures do not include cases and arrests that other officers make throughout the sheriff’s office and other countywide law enforcement officers, Galbraith said. TAD focuses on reducing recidivism and incarceration due to substance abuse by providing treatment and support to break the addiction cycle in individuals who meet criteria set by the courts and the DA’s office. Though many different TAD models exist, Ozaukee County uses a diversion and district attorney model, in which the DA makes referrals which are sent to a case manager for evaluation. The model uses strict guidelines, such as a zero tolerance for alcohol, drugs and arrests, holding participants accountable.

“My office selects participants that ordinarily would be appropriate for (removal) in the criminal justice system,” said Ozaukee County District Attorney Adam Gerol. “People with no criminal contacts, no hint of violence in the contact that caused them to be arrested and people that are truly suspected of having an established or potentially burgeoning AODA problem. Most of these people are what we sometimes would call a ‘self-corrector.’ Criminal justice alone might have been enough to scare a person into better behavior. However, on probation, there would be little therapy or oversight.”

Gerol said that evaluation typically begins with a request for charges from a law enforcement agency. When the DA believes the defendant may be appropriate for diversion, a draft of a criminal complaint is written. The complaint is not filed; however, it is sent to the defendant with a letter suggesting that they consult with an attorney and perhaps consider the program. Within 10 days, the person makes an appointment with Starting Point to see if they believe the person has an alcohol or drug addiction and could benefit from the program.

“We are one of over 30 counties that received funding for TAD,” said Starting Point Director Shea Halula. “One of the biggest issues with TAD is that many people do not realize what it is and how cost effective it is.”

Halula added that TAD has a three-year recidivism rate of 17 percent and every $1 invested in TAD yields $1.96.

The evidence-based TAD approach and case management has been found to “successfully divert nonviolent offenders with substance abuse treatment needs from further criminal justice system involvement,” according to the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute.

Through the creation of TAD, the criminal justice system is able to provide increased opportunities for treatment of substance abusing offenders, specifically reducing the risk of social, economic and health problems. In addition to increased criminal justice costs, substance abuse contributes to chronic disease, decreased productivity, social and family disruption, lack of educational attainment and increased health care costs, the university’s TAD 2007-2010 Evaluation Report’s executive summary said.

University studies show TAD projects successfully divert nonviolent offenders with alcohol or other drug problems from jail and prison incarceration. A total of 135,118 incarceration days were averted by TAD projects during the first four years of TAD, or 86,530 jail days and 45,588 prison days.

Further, TAD participants are less likely to be convicted of a new offense after program discharge than those who do not participate. More than three-quarters, or 76 percent, of TAD participants are not convicted of a new crime after their program participation.

TAD conviction rates of 24 percent for participants is still lower than that of 38.2 percent for offenders released from prison and convicted of a new crime within three years, according to Wisconsin Department of Corrections.

“TAD gives many sectors, such as county board members, the county administrator, judges, the DA, the sheriff’s office, human services and health departments, as well as other key stakeholders the opportunity to come together as a team and use resources and tools to best serve the participants,” Halula said.

Denise Seyfer can be reached at .

Area police clock big heroin increases from 2013 to 2014
New Berlin’s heroin arrests almost doubled
By Sarah Pryor - Freeman Staff
Jan. 21, 2015

WAUKESHA — Heroin has been described as an epidemic sweeping southeastern Wisconsin and Attorney General Brad Schimel has declared it public enemy number 1, but local police jurisdictions are still reporting massive increases in heroin-related arrests during the past two years.

In New Berlin, heroin arrests almost doubled from 2013 to 2014, with police arresting 10 people for heroin possession and 12 people for heroin paraphernalia in 2013. 18 people were arrested for heroin possession and 21 for heroin paraphernalia in 2014.

“We’re definitely not immune to it in New Berlin,” New Berlin Police Capt. Mike Glider said. “Everyone’s priority in Waukesha County is to increase awareness of heroin. It’s not just an inner city problem — the suburbs too. All jurisdictions have seen an increase. It’s a trend we are trying to reverse.”

Capt. Jay Iding of the Pewaukee Police Department said heroin and marijuana numbers ticked up slightly in 2014 over 2013.

“Waukesha County as a whole, southeastern Wisconsin as a whole, it is just that again we are dealing with this heroin issue,” Iding said. “It is huge.”

New Berlin police also saw a slight spike in marijuana arrests, from 103 in 2013 to 113 in 2014. Glider said that might be attributable to two new K-9 units being used on traffic stops last year.

“They can legally do a sniff around the vehicle as long as it doesn’t prolong the time of a traffic stop. If they hit, we can search,” Glider said. “They can smell drugs coming out of doors or windows, and they’ll go crazy if they think there are drugs inside the car. It also works for opiates.”

Waukesha police arrested 263 people for possession of marijuana in 2013, versus 213 in 2014. In Waukesha, heroin possession arrests increased from 30 in 2013 to 39 last year. Arrests for selling heroin dropped from 38 to 13, and arrests for selling cocaine dropped from 41 to 22.

Waukesha Police Lt. Tom Wagner said the drops might be attributable to a reallocation of resources.

“When you have heroin-related death investigations, which I believe we had 12 of last year, they take up a lot of resources,” Wagner said. “It might take a two-month investigation into one incident that results in one arrest.”

Wagner said although heroin use and distribution is a growing trend and thus a growing concern, marijuana and other drugs are still a priority for his department. He also said many drug offenders are caught when they’re doing something else illegal.

“It’s like if you get in a fight and you’ve got a bag of weed in your pocket,” Wagner said.



Meth making mark in county
Lab discovered in area last year
By Matt Masterson - Freeman Staff
Jan. 21, 2015

WAUKESHA — Methamphetamine use is not nearly on the crisis level of heroin and other opioids in Waukesha County, but the drug has been found in the area and at least one lab was discovered in the county in 2014 for the first time in years.

Detective John Kopatich of the Metro Drug Unit gave a presentation to the county’s Alcohol & Other Drug Abuse Advisory Committee Tuesday about the production and history of methamphetamine in Waukesha.

He said meth — a white, odorless powder — is extremely addictive and produces the same sort of euphoric state as heroin by boosting dopamine levels in users’ brains.

Last year, the Metro Drug Unit purchased just 86.52 grams of methamphetamine through undercover agents or informants. Between 2008 and 2012, the price of meth dropped by 70 percent, but its purity increased by 130 percent, according to Kopatich.

The drug is much more common in areas including the southern United States, the Dakotas and Canada, according to Kopatich. Most of the country’s meth comes from Mexico, but it can be made virtually anywhere using inexpensive, over-the-counter ingredients cooked together in small “shake-and-bake” or one-pot labs.

“It is very small, easily concealable,” he said. “Over 90 percent of the labs that are getting taken out by law enforcement across the country are these shake-and-bake one-pot ones.”

These labs are built using two-liter bottles and allow users to make one or two grams per cook.

In May a Town of Lisbon man, Dale Saugstad, was charged with manufacturing meth in one such lab. He told investigators he learned to do the “shake and bake” method while living down south, and as far as he knew he was the only person in the area making meth, according to the criminal complaint against him. He was eventually found guilty and received a 10-year prison sentence last September.

While these small labs are often easy to hide, they are also extremely volatile.

“We talked to one of the DEA agents who came and cleaned up our lab in Lisbon,” Kopatich said, “(and he said) that 50 percent of the time these will result in explosion.”

Last year five people in Pewaukee were also indicted after receiving shipments of meth from California.

Recovering addict: ‘I thought I was in control’

During the meeting, Susie Austin — a member of the AODA Advisory Committee and herself a recovering methamphetamine user — recounted the horrors she experienced when the drug overtook her life two decades ago in Arizona.

“I thought I was in control,” she said. “I had seizures from overdosing. I had been beaten, I had been raped, I had just about everything you can have happen ... but I still thought I was in control.”

Austin, now a Waukesha resident, has been with the committee for nearly 15 years and works with Celebrate Recovery, a local recovery program based on Christianity.

Austin said she did not believe she had a problem while she was using, but quickly got caught up in the drugs. She received a round of applause from the committee after saying she had gotten out of that situation 17 years ago.

“You don’t realize what is happening to you,” she said. “I was 30 years old, I wasn’t a big drug user, then all of a sudden I got caught up in using and dealing.”


Heroin now part of D.A.R.E. curriculum
Studies have cited little impact on drug, alcohol use
Jan. 17, 2015

Jenna Rondorf didn’t know anything about heroin, but by the time the Holy Angels Catholic School fifth-grader graduated Thursday afternoon from the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program, she had learned enough to make her want to avoid it.

“I think one of the most important things I learned is that taking drugs is a big problem and that we need to make good decisions not to do that,” Rondorf said. “I never heard about heroin before but I did learn that even if you do it once, you can get addicted, and that’s bad.”

Rondorf and nearly 40 other fifth-grade students at Holy Angels joined millions of other children around the world who have participated in the D.A.R.E. program that is taught by law enforcement officers.

“We met once a week for an hour for 14 weeks,” Washington County Sheriff’s Department Detective Hope Demler said just before the graduation ceremony began Thursday at Holy Angels. “In the program, we talk about a variety of drugs, like marijuana and inhalants,” Demler said. “For the first time, we’ve added a section about heroin, which is a growing problem.”

The D.A.R.E. program focuses on much more than just drugs, Demler noted.

Washington County Sheriff Dale Schmidt, left, signs the t-shirt of Lola Chemer, right, a fifth-grader at Holy Angels Catholic School after she and nearly 40 other students at the school graduated from the Drub Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program. Local dignitaries and parents attended a graduation ceremony Thursday afternoon for the students at Holy Angels.      
Linda McAlpine/Daily News

One of the program’s goals is to give students the tools they need to make good decisions, Demler said.

“We talk about other issues, like alcohol and prescription drug abuse, tobacco use, bullying and how to resist peer pressure,” Demler said. “We address making healthy choices and respecting others.”

During the graduation ceremony, four students were selected to read the essays they wrote about what they learned in the program. A skit was also presented about the perils of drinking and driving.

Washington County District Attorney Mark Bensen led the graduating students in taking the D.A.R.E. pledge: “I know how dangerous alcohol and other drugs can be for my body. I pledge to be responsible and never use any unlawful drugs. I pledge to educate others about the dangers of drugs. I value my life. I know there are other things to do than drugs. I can be trusted to keep this pledge.”

Jeff Gonzalez, who was in the audience to see his son Alex graduate from the program, said there was one thing in particular he appreciated about D.A.R.E. — after each session, students had to bring home a paper that detailed what had been covered that day. The paper, called Points to Ponder, had to be signed by a parent or guardian and returned to the school.

“The paper kept us informed about what our son was learning in the program and it also helped us to have discussions about those points,” Jeff Gonzalez said.

Washington County Sheriff Dale Schmidt, left, signs the D.A.R.E. t-shirt of Joe Held, right, a fifth-grader at Holy Angels Catholic School as classmate Daniel Krause looks on after they and nearly 40 other students at the school graduated from the Drub Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program.       
Linda McAlpine/Daily News

When asked if he had any concerns about the appropriateness of such education for that group, Gonzalez said no.

“I think it’s very appropriate for this age group because they’re on the cusp of middle school and they’re likely to start hearing about these kinds of things,” Gonzalez said. “We need to help them learn how to resist peer pressure and this is about the right age for that.”

The Washington County Sheriff’s Department has been involved in teaching the D.A.R.E. program in area schools for many years and Schmidt said he sees it as valuable not only for the students but their parents as well.

“From my perspective, I think we need to provide this education because many parents find it difficult to talk about these things with their kids,” Schmidt said.

Not everyone is convinced the program is effective in deterring kids from using drugs or alcohol.

“We were a part of the program for quite some time, but then reports came out from the Department of Justice, the Government Accountability Board and other science studies that said it had little impact on drug use,” West Bend Police Department Capt. Tim Dehring said. “The chief looked at the time and money invested in doing the program and decided it would be better to use our resources elsewhere.”

The liaison officer program, which puts a police officer in each of the city’s high schools and one at Badger Middle School, stems from that decision, Dehring said.

An article from Scientific American that is featured on that website, notes that “if you were one of the millions of children who completed the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program between 1983 and 2009, you may be surprised to learn that scientists have repeatedly shown that the program did not work. Despite being the nation’s most popular substance- abuse prevention program, D.A.R.E. did not make you less likely to become a drug addict or even to refuse that first beer from your friends.”

Over the past few years, the D.A.R.E. curriculum has been revamped. Gone are the long, drug-fact laden lectures, which have been replaced with interactive lessons.

“It’s not an anti-drug program,” Michelle Miller-Day, co-developer of the curriculum and a communications researcher at Chapman University, is quoted as saying in an article on the D.A.R.E. website. “It’s about things like being honest and safe and responsible.”

Kewaskum Elementary School Principal Jody Heipp said the D.A.R.E. program will get underway for fifth-graders next week.

“We feel the program is something that is proactive. It teaches about making positive decisions relating to alcohol and drugs, how to resist peer pressure, having character, being good citizens and being good role models for others,” Heipp said, adding that it will be taught by the Kewaskum Police Department.

Drug education for parents
School District hosts workshop
Jan. 15, 2015

Debbie Adelmann of Kewaskum looks as West Bend Superintendent Ted Neitzke holds up a jar of spices and a bottle of a prescription medication as an item to watch during the “Risks Facing our Children” presentation on Wednesday night at
Badger Middle School in West Bend.      

John Ehlke/Daily News

On Wednesday afternoon, West Bend School District Superintendent Ted Neitzke went shopping at a grocery store and, in less time than it takes to have a pizza delivered, he rounded up an assortment of things that kids are using to get high.

As Neitzke pulled each item out of a paper bag, he explained to about 80 parents of middle schoolers how things like a bottle of soda or orange juice can be used to disguise alcohol use during a workshop Wednesday night on alcohol and drugs at Badger Middle School.

Neitzke showed parents how items in their kitchens could be used to get an inexpensive buzz — knowledge that is just a Google search away for today’s kids.

“We want to help you understand the reality that your kids are facing, even as middle schoolers,” Neitzke said during the workshop, which was sponsored by the school district, the West Bend Police Department and the West Bend Fire Department.

West Bend Police Officer Justin Klopp hosted a slide presentation in which he shared with parents a litany of drugs, from the familiar, like marijuana and heroin, to the latest fad drugs like DXM and ecstasy, and the signs and symptoms of their use.

“Parents who grew up in the ’60s and ’70s may think that marijuana is no big deal, but back in the day, weed was not as potent as it is today,” Klopp said.

Bloodshot eyes, relaxed reflexes, an increase appetite, dilated pupils, paranoia and disorientation are signs that can indicate marijuana usage, Klopp said.

Cocaine can be snorted or smoked, which causes symptoms like excitement, exaggerated reflexes, anxiety, a runny or red nose, loss of appetite and dilated pupils, Klopp said.

“Ecstasy is still very popular. It comes in pill form and usually has some sort of markings or design on it,” Klopp said. “Slang terms for it include molly, wheels, rolls and e-bombs and signs to look for are a dazed appearance, body tremors, perspiring and nausea.”

“Heroin usually comes in small foil packs called bindles,” Klopp said. “Heroin users often put together a kit that contains a syringe, alcohol wipes, a spoon, a tea light and a lighter, and something to use as a tourniquet.”

“When people start using heroin, they may snort or smoke it, but it usually isn’t long before they graduate to using a needle.”

Signs of heroin use include a low, raspy voice, falling asleep, depressed reflexes, facial itching, shallow breathing and puncture marks, Klopp said.

“Dextromethorphan, or DXM, is an ingredient in cough syrup,” Klopp said. “Signs of its abuse include a blank stare, repetitive speech, agitation and possible violent or combative behavior.”

West Bend Fire Department Battalion Chief Chuck Beistle told the audience that the department’s ambulance crews regularly deal with calls of people overdosing on drugs.

“We had a call for a middle school-aged child who was unresponsive, that turned out to be an overdose,” Beistle said. “In another case, a person was dropped off right at the fire station that was turning blue and wasn’t breathing but had a faint pulse. His friends had driven around with him in the car trying to figure out what to do with him. When we talked to his father, his father said he didn’t know what was going on. We did all we could but he died at the fire station. We later found out he had been in the hospital about two months before from an overdose.”

Beistle said parents need to be honest if their child is abusing drugs and that they should also know who their children are hanging out with.

“It’s a scary and confusing world for our kids,” West Bend Police Capt. Tim Dehring said. “Think about the kind of news stories our children are exposed to, where they’re hearing about kindergarten kids being shot and killed while in school. Think about the kind of television programs that are out there that seem to encourage growing up too fast.”

“It’s a scary world for us as parents, too, but we need to remember that we need to be parents to our kids and not try to be their best friend,” Dehring said.

The district will host a workshop for parents and their middle school children from 6-8 p.m. Feb. 11 at Badger Middle School to engage in a conversation about how kids can avoid risky behaviors.

For more information, visit

Schimel to drug dealers: ‘You are public enemy
No. 1’
Waukesha County’s district attorney since 2006 sworn in as attorney general
By Matt Masterson - Freeman Staff
Jan. 6, 2015

MADISON — Brad Schimel left no doubt about what his top priority in office will be.

“I am committed to fighting the scourge of heroin gripping the state and I am putting the drug smugglers and dealers on notice: you are public enemy No. 1,” he said, drawing a round of applause in the Wisconsin State Capitol rotunda during his inauguration as the state’s 44th attorney general.

Schimel succeeds J.B. Van Hollen, who did not run for reelection to a third term, after defeating Jefferson County District Attorney Susan Happ in November.

Waukesha County’s district attorney since 2006, Schimel officially took the oath of office and was sworn in by state Supreme Court Chief Justice Shirley Abrahamson during a ceremony in Madison on Monday.

Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel addresses the audience during his inauguration ceremony at the Capitol in Madison on Monday.     
Associated Press

Schimel was introduced to a crowd of hundreds by his daughters Mackenzie and Hailey, who said their dad always puts others before himself and taught them they could do anything if they work hard and are determined.

The state’s top lawman said in his 25 years working as a frontline prosecutor in Waukesha he has worked with victims from every type of crime imaginable, but the biggest challenge he has faced is the ongoing heroin and prescription opioid crisis.

“I have dealt firsthand with heroin,” he said, “and I am sick of meeting parents who have had to bury a child because of drugs.”

With Schimel on board, Waukesha County has led the state in the number of Len Bias homicide cases prosecuted — where drug dealers are charged with first-degree reckless homicide when users die from using their product. He told The Freeman last week he is proud of that record, but wants to share it statewide and go after such cases in communities across Wisconsin.

Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel, left, takes the oath of office from Shirley Abrahamson, chief justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court. From Schimel’s left are his daughters Hailey and
Mackenzie and wife Sandi.     

Associated Press

Schimel also identified Internet predators and human trafficking as other top priorities he will handle as attorney general and vowed to “make our college campuses, neighborhoods and Main Streets safer.”

State Sen. Paul Farrow, R-Pewaukee, said he was excited for the inauguration, specifically to hear what Schimel would have to say. He believes Schimel will be a great proponent for the justice system and “a wonderful addition to the team.”

“What I am looking for is Brad to be Brad,” Farrow said. “He is very tough on crime, he also looks at how those who have been victims of crimes can get their lives back on track and he has done a phenomenal job of that in Waukesha County and I think he is going to bring some of that experience to the attorney general’s office.”

Former Wisconsin Attorney General J.B. Van Hollen, left, shakes hands with newly inaugurated Attorney General Brad Schimel at the Capitol in Madison on Monday.     
Associated Press

Following protests in Milwaukee in December after a police officer was not charged in the shooting death of Dontre Hamilton last summer, Schimel stressed that law enforcement would have “no stronger partner” than the Wisconsin Department of Justice under his leadership.

“They will have my commitment,” he said, “that we will work together to ensure a safe Wisconsin.”



Sober housing considered for Ozaukee County
Home would create drug, alcohol-free environment for recovery 

By Denise Seyfer - News Graphic Staff
Jan. 6, 2015

OZAUKEE COUNTY — “To err is human,” as the saying goes. Accepting the notion, however, may prove too challenging for some, especially when referring to individuals who suffer from drug and alcohol addiction. With increased crime linked to drug use and addiction, especially to heroin in Ozaukee County, some people may want to lock up the offenders and throw away the key. Instead, the Heroin Task Force in Ozaukee County, a group of community leaders, citizens and law enforcement. is working for solutions to battle the growing epidemic among our youth. Members have been collaborating over the last year to improve the lives of those suffering from addiction, while preventing other teens from choosing the same path. One cutting-edge program under consideration to curb recidivism and relapse entails sober housing. The concept provides an affordable drug- and alcohol-free environment that creates a safe place for peer-group recovery support for nonviolent, first-time offenders. “Many individuals who are caught up in drug and alcohol dependence often have lost all support from family and friends who do not use,” said Ozaukee County Human Services Director Michael Lappen. “We know that many individuals are in the jail for crimes related to their substance use. After they have been there for a while and have been detoxed, they may wish to try and remain clean and sober, but their only ‘friends’ left are the people they were using drugs and alcohol with.”

These individuals tend to be arrested for possession and may face up to a one-year sentence.

Newly seated Ozaukee County Sheriff James Johnson said that sober housing provides support, structure and accountability for those with addictions.

“The program requires the addict to pursue treatment and voluntarily submit to random drug screens; this maintains accountability” he said. “Sober housing gives the foundation to acquire skills that help them to be productive members of society.”

“A body clean of drugs and alcohol can lead to a clean life.”
— James Johnson, Ozaukee County Sheriff

Ozaukee County does not currently offer any sober housing options. That tide may be turning though, as members of the task force’s policy and advocacy committee explore potential houses to use as a transitional living facility.

Under the proposed sober-housing business plan, those individuals selected for sober housing will undergo a rigorous interview process. Screening applicants is the “single most important action that can be taken,” which will require a person-to-person interview with the house managers and staff, according to the plan.

Selected individuals must prove their dedication to sobriety by their continued involvement in a 12-step recovery program and have to follow all house rules. Violation of house rules are grounds for immediate eviction, the plan said.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, drug addiction is a complex disease and quitting takes more than good intentions or a strong will. In fact, drugs change the brain in ways that foster compulsive drug abuse; therefore, quitting becomes difficult, even for those who want to quit.

Research shows that combining addiction treatment medications with behavioral therapy remains the best way to ensure success for most patients, the institute’s information said.

Though there are some similarities, sober housing differs from other types of transitional housing options such as halfway homes. The key difference is that halfway houses are for offenders of all types, where a parole officer is required. Halfway houses place felons such as drug-users and/or sex offenders and those who are mentally ill that are coming from a prison, a hospital or a rehabilitation center.

In addition, halfway homes are governed by federal and state laws. Those residents are typically there under court order and cannot move out unless approved by a judge, court order or a parole officer.

In contrast, privately-owned sober housing is solely for drug addicts and alcoholics who have completed detoxification programs, according to information in the task force business plan. Houses are to never be co-ed. Its sole purpose is to support the individual in developing and maintaining holistic, healthy habits and activities that aid in long-term sobriety.

Curfews, drug testing, household chores, cooking and group meetings are common features in these settings, according to the business plan. Often, house rules mandate that individuals must be actively in school or looking for employment. Therefore, some sober houses lock their doors from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., hoping residents are engaged in healthy lifestyle activities.

Sober housing provides many social and financial advantages, Lappen said.

“The county would see significant savings in the cost of jailing people if we can reduce recidivism,” he said. “We would also see a reduction in the petty crimes related to drug use … stealing from cars, garages, etc. to support their daily ‘fix.’ The department of human services has seen a large spike in child welfare cases related to addiction to opiates and heroin. If we can help parents get sober, it will reduce the social costs of kids being impacted by drugs and also the costs to the taxpayers of removing the kids from their families and placing them in foster care.”

Although Heroin Task Force members have a detailed business model for sober housing, they lack the funding to support the endeavor. Starting Point of Ozaukee is looking for those organizations or individuals who are willing to bring this concept to fruition with any and all time, talents or treasures.

Sober housing provides the door; yet, each individual must choose to walk through it.

“A body clean of drugs and alcohol can lead to a clean life,” Johnson said.

For more information on how to help, call 375-1110 or visit

Denise Seyfer can be reached at .

Ending the addiction cycle
Editor’s note: This is the second part of a two-part series on heroin addiction. 

By Ken Merrill - Daily News
Dec. 30, 2014

The chances that a heroin addict can simply decide to quit — and stay clean — are slim.

Until recently, the dominant thinking in the medical community was that addiction is a disease. People with addictions aren’t bad people, they’re just sick, we were told.

That’s changing.

Research has shown that drug addiction alters brain structure until it becomes an uncontrollable compulsive behavior.

Over time, everything is about heroin. Interpersonal relationships — family, friends — are only worth what they do to enhance the addict’s ability to get more heroin.

The common thread between addiction and diseases is that left untreated, they can be fatal.

Tina Perry, 44, is a recovering cocaine addict with a child in prison for heroin-related offenses.

“There’s no face to an addict,” Perry said. “There’s no lifestyle to an addict. It’s an addiction that anybody — any race, any color, any age — could have.

“I’ve heard ‘Mom, this is a beautiful drug,’ but it destroys and wrecks lives,” Perry said. “You can teach your children this is not good, this is not the way to be ... it’s not ever the parents’ fault. It doesn’t matter if you come from money or if you don’t. The scenarios don’t matter.”

Perry started using drugs as a teenager in the late 1980s at the height of cocaine’s popularity.

After a suicide attempt — she slit her wrists at the end of a four-day party — she was forced into rehab.

“I completed the rehab and changed my life,” Perry said. “Done with the drugs, done with the lifestyle. I did not go back to the people who I hung around with. I couldn’t go back to the kids I partied with because I probably would have continued that lifestyle. Something just released in me. I didn’t want that life any more.”

It’s personal, too, for Jessica Geschke, director of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Services at Affiliated Clinical Services in West Bend and a street team coordinator for Rise Together, a support and advocacy group for recovering addicts.

Her brother’s a heroin addict — “two months clean” she said. “That’s why I got into this.

“My family has been through hell and back,” Geschke said. “I’m in recovery myself, trying to figure out the right way to do this balancing act so that I don’t enable his addiction.”
Online video
■ Recovering heroin addicts tell their stories on video at

“Sure,” she said. “I’ve met lots of addicts who have quit without any type of services. They’ve been strong in their NA (Narcotics Anonymous) and their faith and they say ‘I’ve never needed treatment.’ “They detox at home by themselves,” Geschke said. “It’s horrible. It’s not something I would recommend because you don’t know how long it’s going to last.”

Nadine Machkovech, 21, was able to detox and stay clean without a formal rehab program.

Now a recovery coach and street team coordinator for Rise Together, Machkovech pointed to two events that led to her recovery.

“I lost my grandma and a close friend died of a heroin overdose,” Machkovech said. “I had a lot of guilt and shame — why had it taken him instead of me?”

Jessie Geschke of Affiliated Services leans her sweatshirt on the back of a chair at one of her desks at the group therapy office on Dec. 18 in West Bend. Her brother also wears the sweatshirt. He is in
“long-term recovery” for heroin addiction.    

John Ehlke/Daily News

After squandering the inheritance she received from her grandmother on an extended drug binge, Machkovech came clean.

“When I quit using I surrounded myself with really healthy people,” she said. “I was with my sister and her husband and I was doing 12-step support groups and going to church. The first couple of months after I stopped using it was hard to even think clearly. For so long, the drugs were making all the decisions for me. It was hard for me to understand how a person lives a normal life.

“Without my faith I know I wouldn’t be where I am today,” Machkovech said. “I finally realized that I had some kind of purpose in life, that I was put on earth for a reason. Two weeks after that I met Doug (Darby) and Anthony (Alvarado) through Rise Together and I started sharing my story. I found my purpose in life through that.”

Darby and Alvarado are cofounders of Rise Together.

Steve Dahlen is an alcoholic. He’s been sober since April 8, 2008, and works as a house manager at Exodus House, a transitional care facility in Kewaskum for alcoholics and drug addicts. Most of the residents are heroin addicts.

Steve Dahlen, a supervisor at Exodus House in Kewaskum, is shown Dec. 16.     
John Ehlke/Daily News

“No one wakes up one day and says ‘I think I’ll be a heroin addict,’” Dahlen said. “It’s something they get into and as they progress their life gets more and more out of control.”

Recovery is “a long process,” Dahlen said. “It’s not just 90 days at the Exodus House and it’s not just getting off the substance. It’s a lifestyle change.

“That person you see that’s addicted, doing terrible things, it’s not the person, it’s the drugs,” Dahlen said. “We made bad choices. Once you take that drug away and you see them, six, nine months later he’s a whole other person. It’s not the person, it’s the drugs that turned him into that.”

For all its advances, the medical community has been unable to develop a solution. There’s no magic bullet to cure addiction.

“It’s a chronically relapsing disease,” said Geschke. “It’s impossible to tell who will be successful” in rehabilitation and recovery.

Dahlen said addicts have to hit “rock bottom” before they’re ready to change.

“The rock bottom for me was being arrested, taken out of my house and not remembering,” he said. “I was the town drunk in Jackson.”

He sees people at rock bottom.

“When people come into treatment, when you see the look on their face, they’re very desperate,” Dahlen said. “When you talk to them after 30 days of treatment they’re a totally different person. Sometimes they come back a year later that they’re sober, they got married, they’ve got kids on the way, they’ve got a house, a good job. You never know what to expect of a resident when they come to us.”

Dahlen said his work “makes me feel good instead of thinking about all the crap I did.”

Katie Jones, a recovering heroin addict, said criminal activity to support her habit was, ultimately, her salvation.

“I became very good at making checks. Forging names,” she said. “That’s ultimately how I got clean — I went to prison. I don’t have any drug charges ... more than for forgery. I ended up getting caught in 2004. I stayed in the House of Corrections in Franklin for a year.

Katie Jones of Affiliated Services sits in front of a display she created for the group therapy room in one of their offices on Dec. 18 in West Bend. Jones has been 11 years clean of heroin use. She started with crystal methamphetamine and progressed to heroin.     
John Ehlke/Daily News

“When I got out I just told myself I’m not doing that again. I remapped everything I ever thought and started working on myself and the things I needed to fix.”

Geschke faced a personal crisis recently after the overdose deaths of three clients.

“I was at a point where I just said ‘I’m done. I can’t watch people die.’ “But then I went to a meeting of Rise Together and had a fire built under me,” Geschke said. “I may end up burying clients but I help 50 more. I help people every day.”

Perry’s experience has led her to create a program she calls “Just Listen.”

“It’s a positive living, positive lifestyle and also a substance abuse awareness program,” she said. “I want my program to be so good that they will not want to use to be a part of my program.

“I have a race with myself,” Perry said. “It’s not only to help my child, but the public. The faster I can reach out to people, the faster I will be saving lives and helping families.”

No common denominator
Heroin addicts come from variety of backgrounds
Editor’s note: This is part one of a two-part series on heroin addiction.

By Ken Merrill - Daily News
Dec. 29, 2014

Heroin, it seems, is everywhere.

It was once rare and expensive — the province of musicians and entertainers. Billie Holiday, Ray Charles, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Keith Richards and Eric Clapton overcame heroin addictions. Janis Joplin, Sid Vicious, John Belushi, River Phoenix, Chris Farley, Corey Monteith and Philip Seymour Hoffman didn’t. It’s a long list.

No longer. Heroin is readily available and inexpensive.

It’s synthesized from morphine, which is refined from opium in the seed pods of poppies. A powder, it can be smoked, snorted or injected. Inside your body, heroin is converted to morphine and binds to opioid receptors in the brain. An intense rush of pleasure — the “high” — quickly follows.

“It’s better than sex,” said Katie Jones, 43, a recovering addict who works as a street team coordinator with Rise Together, a support and advocacy group for recovering addicts.

Jones’ parents divorced when she was a preschooler, and she said her father’s family “has a lot of addiction issues.” When her mother remarried, she was sexually abused by her stepdad, who ended up being sentenced to prison.

“I think a majority of my issues came from not only of it being in the genes — y’know it runs in the family — but because of not dealing with things myself, the sexual abuse,” Jones said.

She began smoking marijuana and drinking in high school, and by her mid-20s she was injecting methamphetamine. She was introduced to heroin while on vacation.

“The first time I tried it I was like, ‘why have I never heard of this before?’” Jones said. “It totally numbed everything. I didn’t have to think about issues I was going through or bills or a house to take care of — all that kind of stuff.

“It’s like a dream state,” she said.

Nadine Machkovech, 21, a recovery coach and street team coordinator for Rise Together, grew up with “very loving and caring” parents in Beaver Dam, attending a Catholic middle school and graduating from Beaver Dam High School.

“I started using when I was 14 with alcohol,” Machkovech said. “When I got to high school, everybody was partying.”

Drinking, smoking marijuana. Everybody was doing it.

Nadine Machkovech of Appleton wears bracelets of Rise Together and WI United We Can, two organizations she supports. Machkovech celebrated one year of being sober Dec. 11.   
John Ehlke/Daily News

“That quickly turned into an everyday use,” she said. “After that it was cocaine, Adderol — and by the time I was 16, 17, I started using prescription pills. I was getting into so much trouble that I was looking for something more to make the feelings that I didn’t want to feel go away. I started using opiates, mainly Percocet. That spiraled into daily as well as shooting them up and entering into heroin.

“I have been in recovery since Dec. 11 of last year,” Machkovech said.

Studies show that most heroin addicts start by using prescription pills — pilfering Vicodin, Percocet or Oxycontin from the medicine cabinet or buying from friends. Also derived from the poppy plant, opioid pills are synthetic heroin.

“Pills were extremely expensive,” Machkovech said. “I had to deal a lot just to get my fix. At first my family members were being prescribed, so that’s where I got it from, then I was buying it off the streets.

“My family really didn’t know the extent of my drug use, but they enabled my addiction,” she said. “I was very good at manipulating them. I would do whatever my dad asked just to get what I wanted.”

Machkovech said the transition from pills to heroin was easy.

“I was already shooting up pills,” she said. “I was looking for a quicker high. Heroin was cheaper and would get in my system faster. It was a small step from shooting up pills to shooting up heroin. It felt like a rush ... a wave went through my whole body and I was completely numb.

“When I started shooting heroin I was just tired all the time,” Machkovech said. “I was crabby. I usually didn’t do much. Didn’t shower for days. I would be OK as long as I wasn’t sick.”

Tina Perry, 44, is both an addict and the mother of a heroin addict.

A cocaine addict as a Chicago-area teenager who was forced into rehab after a suicide attempt, Perry said being the parent of an addict is all-consuming.

“You never know how your day is gonna go,” Perry said. “I’m scared to death to get a phone call or get a knock on my door because I know what that means. When my phone rings I’m afraid to look at it because I don’t know. I don’t sleep well. I’ve had very crazy days being the parent of an addict.

Tina Perry smiles as she looks over the angel decoration she found that reminded her of her daughter Dec. 9 at her home in Mequon. Perry has a daughter in prison on heroin-related charges.   
John Ehlke/Daily News

“Addicts do not start out as criminals but they turn into criminals,” Perry said. “They will do anything to get this drug.”

“I was already shooting up pills. I was looking for a quicker high. Heroin was cheaper and would get in my system faster. It was a small step from shooting up pills to shooting up heroin.”

Len Bias Law an imperfect yet necessary tool in fighting opiates
Oconomowoc Enterprise
Dec. 17, 2014

Last week, warrants were issued for the arrest of two women charged with reckless homicide in the January overdose death of Samantha Medinger.

It is one of many reckless homicide cases in the county this year. The uptick is due to the increase in overdose deaths from heroin and prescription opiates.

Unfortunately, this has deeply affected Oconomowoc. Archie Badura, a young OHS alum, also died from an overdose here this year. It is a pair of tragedies that has proven everyone is susceptible to the devastation opiate use and addiction can have on families and communities.

In 1986, Maryland basketball standout Len Bias died of a cocaine overdose just days after being drafted to play for the Boston Celtics.

At that time, it was huge national news. A young star just starting his career collapses and dies after using what at the time was a drug at the height of its popularity. It stirred a national debate and a new awareness of the dangers of hard drugs.

Congress passed the the Len Bias law to address the growing concern. The law allows drug suppliers to be held accountable for deaths associated with the drugs they deal.

Wisconsin passed similar legislation two years later.

For the next decade, the law was rarely used, but with the current rise in opiate and heroin addiction and associated overdose deaths, it is now being employed liberally throughout Wisconsin.

The law is often applied to friends of the victim, rarely to high-level dealers. The law states the person who supplied the drug can be held responsible. It doesn’t discern between someone giving the drugs to the victim or selling the drugs. Sometimes this is a fellow user that is also addicted to opiates.

No law is perfect and there will always be a gray area when it comes to addiction and who ultimately can be held responsible for another person’s overdose death.

However, as more and more young people succumb and often die due to illegal opiate use, it is a solid start in coming to terms with a problem that must be vigorously fought so the tragedies that beset the Medingers and the Baduras stop spreading to more families.

Learning more about growing problem
Dozens turn out for Milwaukee community meeting on heroin
By RICH ROVITO - Special to The Post 
Dec. 2, 2014

Martine Tate doesn’t need statistics to prove to her that there is a growing heroin problem in the Milwaukee area. She has already experienced the nightmare that comes from losing a child to the drug.

Tate’s daughter, Valerie Powers-Ferris, died of a heroin overdose in March 2013 at the age of 36 after a lengthy battle with addiction.

"I missed a lot of clues. But who thinks there child is using heroin,"

Tate said, a framed photograph of her smiling daughter positioned on a podium as she spoke to a crowd of about 75 people that gathered Nov. 19 in the auditorium at the Milwaukee Public Schools Central Services Building on West Vliet Street.

The public meeting, organized by Milwaukee Common Council President Michael Murphy, aimed at starting a dialogue about what he sees as a growing public health crisis in the region.

"We unite to confront the tragic trend of increasing heroin and opiate addiction," Murphy said.

In 2013, the Milwaukee County Medical Examiner’s Office reported 216 drug overdose deaths, the highest number ever recorded, Murphy said.

Overdose deaths last year tied to heroin use rose 34 percent to 69, up from 56 in 2012.

Through August of this year, the latest period for which figures are available, 71 deaths from heroin overdoses had been reported in Milwaukee County, Murphy said.

Addiction to prescription drugs that contain opiates, which often are prescribed to treat pain or injuries, often leads to heroin use, Murphy said.

In June, Murphy collaborated with the Zilber Family Foundation, Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett and elected officials in Milwaukee, Waukesha, Ozaukee, Racine and Washington counties in organizing the first Southeast Wisconsin Regional Heroin/Opiates symposium.

"This trend has had a disastrous impact on families," he said.

Tate said her daughter, who was a mother to two children, developed back problems as a teenager that eventually required surgery. She took prescription drugs to cope with the pain.

Several years later, Powers-Ferris was once again prescribed medication to alleviate pain after being injured in a car accident. Tate noticed a gradual change in her once outgoing and effervescent daughter.

"She wasn’t laughing like she used to. There was irritability and she was withdrawn," Tate said. "I realized the problem was with the pills at first but I had absolutely no idea that it had progressed to heroin.

I had no idea where the depths of her addiction were going to take us."

An opiates abuser has a 25 percent chance of a relapse even after receiving treatment, said Christine Ullstrup, vice president of clinical services and programming at Meta House, a Milwaukee residential drug treatment facility.

Addressing the use of opiates, prescription drugs and heroin is a major focus of Meta House’s treatment programs.

"You need quality treatment on demand and you need it to be holistic," Ullstrup said.

Prescription drug and heroin abuse also is plaguing area schools, said Patricia Daugherty, a Milwaukee County assistant district attorney.

One in seven teenagers admitted last year to abusing prescription drugs, she said, noting that the path to addiction often begins in the medicine cabinet of the family’s home.

"They aren’t going into the central city and buying it on the street corner," Daugherty said.

Younger people view pills as safer than street drugs even though heroin and prescription drugs like oxycodone have a nearly identical chemical makeup, according to Daugherty.

Heroin often provides a cheaper alternative to prescription drugs, Daugherty said.

For example, a pill of oxycodone in the Milwaukee area can range from $15 to $30. An equivalent amount of heroin is $5 to $10, she said. The depressed price for heroin stems from a flooded international market.

About 50 people accused of taking part in a major heroin distribution ring on Milwaukee’s East Side were arrested earlier this month in an effort to reduce the availability of the drug, if even only temporarily.

Making matters worse, heroin on the street today can be as high as 90 percent pure, compare with 10 to 15 percent several years ago.

"That’s why we are seeing so many more overdoses now. It’s cheaper, more available and stronger than pills," Daugherty said.

Cavalier attitudes toward pain medications must be addressed to help temper demand.

"We aren’t going to arrest, legislate or even treat our way out of this," Daugherty said. "We have to, as a community, address it from all different avenues. You have to be willing to lock your medicine cabinets and we can’t have the same tired ‘just say no’ message. These drugs can kill the very first time."

Denise Sather, a psychologist who works in the wellness and prevention office for Milwaukee Public Schools, noted that a survey showed that the number of MPS high school students who admitted to using heroin one or more times rose to 7.4 percent in 2013, an increase of 2.5 percent from 2005.

MPS must remain focused on changing students’ behaviors concerning drugs, Sather said.

But challenges exist.

"Those who speak openly about their addiction are often treated like criminals and made to feel shame. Society treats addiction like a moral failure," Tate said.

Powers-Ferris developed endocarditis as a result of her extended drug abuse. The condition required open heart surgery. Later, Tate had plans for her daughter to get back into a recovery program.

Police found Powers-Ferris dead when conducting a wellness check at her residence.

"She was gone and I had to bury my child," Tate said. "The hole in my soul can never be filled."


District: Drug-testing policy a tool to prevent problems
Parents concerned about privacy, inclusiveness
By Katherine Michalets - Special to the Enterprise 
Oct. 30, 2014

OCONOMOWOC — In an effort to craft a random drug test policy for the Oconomowoc Area School District that takes into consideration feedback from the community, an informational meeting was held Monday night at the high school.

A few dozen people attended the meeting and questions were raised about privacy, supporting data, the exclusion of some students and how positive and negative results would be handled.

Pat and Pete Williams, who live right behind the high school’s football field, raised four children and took in 11 foster children, as well as some of their own grandchildren, so they are familiar with what it’s like to raise a teenager.

At the closing of the one-hour presentation and Q-and-A meeting Monday, Pat Williams said “parents are the last to know these kids have a problem.”

She encouraged parents to take any help they can get from the district in monitoring their children.

Earlier in the evening, Williams expressed concern about some students who she called “underachievers” being excluded from the drug testing, “I’d like to see them all get a chance of getting tested,” she said. “Why are you only targeting the overachievers?”

The proposed policy would affect intermediate and high school students. As a result of rights guaranteed in the Constitution, only students participating in a voluntary sport or co-curricular activity or who exercise the privilege of parking a motor vehicle in the district parking lot during the school day can be randomly tested. Substances that will be tested for by a contracted third party would include marijuana and opiates such as heroin, oxycodone, ecstasy, methadone, barbiturates and methamphetamines.

The testing of students will occur on a random basis and students will be selected by a number assigned to them. The student services director will supervise the selection of student numbers for testing and a computerbased system designed specifically for the purpose of randomly selecting students will be utilized.

Jessica Karnowski has children in fifth and fourth grades and 4K and expressed concern about whether drug testing deters drug use. She wanted to know what else the district is doing to prevent drug use among students.

She also felt that parents should get the final say about whether a child, especially for those as young as seventh grade, is tested and called the district’s proposed policy a “bullying tactic.”

Lisa Dawes, director of student services, said there was delicate discussion of whether to include seventh- and eighth-graders in the drug testing, but the district has heard from students that there is use of drugs at that age.

“We don’t always know,” Dawes said, referring to being a parent of a child. “Our goal is to help parents know before it becomes a problem.”

OHS counselor Scott Bakkum said the district has used many presentations and resources to help inform students about dangers to help prevent problems from occurring, such as the Stairway to Heroin events and Your Choice.

He suggested not looking at the drug testing as being punitive, but rather as a tool.

“We are in a different place than we were a few years ago,” Bakkum said.

Students were surveyed as part of the Stairway to Heroin program and he said the results were scary.

In order to create the draft policy, which would need to be approved by the School Board before being implemented, policies from area districts, including Muskego, Pewaukee and Arrowhead, were reviewed. The school district has also met with parent groups and clubs to gather feedback.

The next step will be for the policy to be reviewed by the curriculum committee and then will go to the full School Board likely in January, Dawes said. If approved, the district would have the rest of the school year to figure out logistics and then implement the policy for the 2015-2016 school year.

“(The policy) is meant to be preventative and to give kids a powerful reason to say no,” Dawes said.

Frequently asked questions about the OASD drug-testing policy:

How often will screenings take place?

Students become eligible for random drug testing on the first day they participate in practice, an activity or performance associated with a sport or extracurricular activity or request a parking permit.

What will the drug test entail?

Random urine tests will be conducted by a drug screen technician as a contracted outside agency of the district. The drug screen will be conducted on site in a designated private restroom. The agency will supervise the test; however, will not provide direct observation while the sample is being submitted.

What are the consequences of a positive drug test? No student shall be expelled or suspended from school as a sole result of any verified positive test conducted by the school under this program. However, students with a verified positive test under this program will be subject to the conditions set forth in the athletics/activities code. Student drug-testing information will not be turned over to any law enforcement authorities except under circumstances in which the district is legally compelled to surrender or disclose such test results.

How will the results be shared and kept private? Who will see the results? Testing results will be kept in a confidential file separate from the student’s other educational records. Results will only be disclosed to the administration personnel who have a need to be informed in order to implement or oversee implementation of the policy or consequences for violating the policy.

What is a student refuses to take a drug test? Will the refusal be construed as a drug-positive result?

The student will remain ineligible and parking privileges will be revoked until the student is tested.

How can a student contest the results of a positive drug test? Will a second confirming test be done?
Students will have an opportunity within 48 hours of notification of the first positive test result to have the split samples tested at the family’s expense.

Source: Oconomowoc Area School District


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