Report: Wisconsin lost over 68,000 jobs to China from 2001-13
State ranks 11th in nation for such losses

By Matt Masterson - Freeman Staff

Dec. 14, 2014

WASHINGTON D.C. - The United Statesí surging trade deficit with China has cost it more than 3.2 million American jobs, including 68,600 in Wisconsin alone - the 11th-highest total among all states - according to a study released this week.

The Economic Policy Institute found 2.4 million manufacturing jobs were lost between December 2001 and December 2013, accounting for approximately two-thirds of all U.S. manufacturing jobs lost or displaced during that period.

According to the data, Wisconsinís 5th Congressional District - which encompasses Waukesha, Milwaukee and West Bend, as well as  Menomonee Falls - lost 10,400 jobs between 2001 and 2013, the most of any district in the state.

This means the district has lost 2.81 percent of its employment when the number of displaced jobs is taken against the districtís entire workforce (370,600). That percentage is the second-highest in Wisconsin, trailing only the stateís 3rd Congressional District (2.83 percent).

On a national scale, the 5th district has the 80th highest percentage of jobs lost to China out of 435 total congressional districts.

ďThis report leaves no doubt, if there ever was any, that the nationís staggering trade deficit with China continues to be the single biggest impediment to a true jobs recovery, especially in regions with heavy concentrations of high-tech manufacturing,Ē said Scott Paul, president of the Alliance for American Manufacturing.

Global trade in advanced technology products - often cited as a source of comparative advantage for the U.S. - is now dominated by China. The trade deficit in the computer and electronic parts industry saw the most growth, resulting in more than 1.2 million jobs lost or displaced. In total, $154.4 billion of the $324.2 billion U.S. trade deficit with China last year was in computer and electronic parts.

Because of this, the report found many of the hardest-hit areas were in states rich with high-tech manufacturing, such as California, Texas, Oregon, Massachusetts, and Minnesota.

Congressional districts in New York, Georgia, and Illinois were also hit especially hard by trade-related job displacement in various manufacturing industries, including computer and electronic parts, textiles and apparel, and furniture.

The states suffering the worst job losses were California (564,200 jobs), Texas (304,700), New York (179,200), Illinois (132,500), Pennsylvania (122,600), North Carolina (119,600), Florida (115,700), Ohio (106,400), Massachusetts (97,200), and Georgia (93,700).