Minn. — Most high school athletes, their parents and coaches
can identify the possible effects of concussion, but only
about one-third know that it is a brain injury. Those findings
are outlined in a new Mayo Clinic study. Athletes were more
likely than parents and coaches to correctly identify a
concussion as a brain injury.
trends and gaps in knowledge can guide help educate athletes
and others about concussions, the authors say. The findings
appear in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
study, athletes, coaches and parents from three Rochester-area
high schools completed a questionnaire that assessed their
concussion knowledge and history.
studies have focused on a single sport, a single subset of
sports, a single population, or a single gender. The Mayo
study is one of the few to examine concussion knowledge across
262 responders, 115 were athletes, 15 were coaches and 132
were parents. Fifty-five percent were female. They took the
questionnaire before the 2015-2016 fall, winter and spring
sports seasons. These contact and noncontact sports were
included: football, soccer, volleyball, hockey, basketball,
wrestling, dance, gymnastics, lacrosse, baseball and softball.
three groups, coaches had the strongest knowledge about how a
concussion occurs, when to remove an athlete from play, and
the potential effects of repeated head injuries.
in a health care setting did not appear to translate into
higher knowledge scores. However, parents who did were more
likely to know the long-term effects of concussion.
were good at identifying typical symptoms of concussion but
weaker on how a concussion can occur and the criteria for
returning to play.
will use this data to guide us in our concussion education
efforts," says senior author Edward Laskowski M.D., a
physical medicine and rehabilitation specialist and
co-director of Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine in Rochester.
"By targeting and tailoring the messages to coaches,
parents and athletes, our hope is that it leads to a better
understanding for all of this significant
injury."Researchers involved in this study were:
Nanos, M.D., Emory University
Franco, M.D., Mayo Clinic
Larson, Mayo Clinic
Mara, Mayo Clinic
Department of Sports Medicine at Mayo Clinic’s Rochester
campus funded this research. None of the authors report any
conflicts of interest.
Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Clinic Proceedings is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal
that publishes original articles and reviews dealing with
clinical and laboratory medicine, clinical research, basic
science research and clinical epidemiology. Mayo Clinic
Proceedings is sponsored by the Mayo Foundation for Medical
Education and Research as part of its commitment to physician
education. It publishes submissions from authors worldwide.
The journal has been published for more than 80 years and has
a circulation of 130,000. Articles are online at
mayoclinicproceedings.org.About Mayo Clinic
Clinic is a nonprofit organization committed to clinical
practice, education and research, providing expert,
comprehensive care to everyone who needs healing. For more
information, visit mayoclinic.org/about-mayo-clinic or