number of reported Zika virus cases is much lower so far this
year than at this point in 2017. However, pregnant women
remain advised not to travel to areas where there is a risk of
contracting the virus.
still important that pregnant women avoid travel to Zika-endemic
areas. We know that there is a defined risk of birth defects
in the children of mothers infected during pregnancy,"
says Dr. Pritish Tosh, an infectious diseases specialist at
Zika during pregnancy can cause microcephaly and other birth
defects. The virus is primarily transmitted by bite of an
infected Aedes species mosquito. Pregnant women also can pass
the virus along to their unborn children. The virus also can
be spread during sexual contact.
there have been 65 cases of local mosquito-borne Zika virus
reported in Puerto Rico in 2018compared to 620 cases in 2017.
time, no local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission has been
reported in the continental U.S. in 2018, according to the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Zika transmission throughout Central America and South America
continues but at much smaller numbers than in 2017.
explains that the number of people who are getting Zika this
year is lower than in past years. Thatís partly because more
people have gained immunity to it. When more people are
immune, the odds of contracting Zika are lower for everybody
ó even those without immunity.
Zika travel information on the CDC website.