Wrinkles are a
natural part of aging, especially for the face, neck, hands
and forearms. But some people are more prone to wrinkles based
on sun-exposure and other factors. Although genetics mainly
determine skin structure and texture, sun exposure is a major
cause of wrinkles, especially for fair-skinned people.
Pollutants and smoking, also contribute to wrinkling.
people welcome their wrinkles, as a sign of character, if your
wrinkles bother you there are things you can do to minimize
your skin from the sun.
skin — and prevent future wrinkles — by limiting the time
you spend in the sun and always wearing protective clothing,
such as wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeved shirts and sunglasses.
Also, use sunscreen when outdoors, even during winter.The
American Academy of Dermatology recommends using a
broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more. Apply
sunscreen generously, and reapply every two hours — or more
often if you’re swimming or perspiring.
products with built-in sunscreen.
skin care products, choose those with a built-in
broad-spectrum sunscreen — meaning it blocks both UVA and
shrivels plump skin cells, which can lead to premature fine
lines and wrinkles. Though moisturizers can’t prevent
wrinkles, they may temporarily mask tiny lines and creases.
you’ve smoked for years or smoked heavily, you can still
improve your skin tone and texture and prevent future wrinkles
by quitting smoking.
— Eat a
There is some
evidence that certain vitamins in your diet help protect your
skin. More study is needed on the role of nutrition, but
it’s good to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
over-the-counter wrinkle creams and lotions promise to reduce
wrinkles and prevent or reverse damage caused by the sun. But
these products are not likely to make a noticeable difference
in your skin.
The Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) classifies these creams and lotions
as cosmetics, which are defined as having no medical value. So
the FDA regulates them less strictly than it does drugs. This
means that products don’t need to undergo rigorous testing
for safety and effectiveness before approval to go on the
Because the FDA
doesn’t evaluate cosmetic products for effectiveness,
there’s no guarantee that any over-the-counter product will
reduce your wrinkles.
looking for a face-lift in a bottle, you probably won’t find
it in over-the-counter wrinkle creams. The benefits of these
products are usually only modest at best.
INGREDIENTS IN ANTI-WRINKLE CREAMS
effectiveness of anti-wrinkle creams depends in part on the
active ingredient or ingredients. Here are some common
ingredients that may result in some improvement in the
appearance of wrinkles.
Retinol is a
vitamin A compound, the first antioxidant to be widely used in
nonprescription wrinkle creams. Antioxidants are substances
that neutralize free radicals — unstable oxygen molecules
that break down skin cells and cause wrinkles.
— Vitamin C.
antioxidant, vitamin C may help protect skin from sun damage.
Before and between uses, wrinkle creams containing vitamin C
must be stored in a way that protects them from air and
acids, beta hydroxy acids (salicylic acid) and poly hydroxy
acids are exfoliants — substances that remove the upper
layer of old, dead skin and stimulate the growth of smooth,
evenly pigmented new skin.
may help reduce fine wrinkles around the eyes and protect the
skin from sun damage.
has been used in products for wound healing, stretch marks and
and oolong tea contain compounds with antioxidant and
anti-inflammatory properties. Green tea extracts are the ones
most commonly found in wrinkle creams.
— Grape seed
In addition to
its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, grape seed
extract promotes wound healing.
antioxidant, this substance is related to vitamin B-3
(niacin). It helps reduce water loss in the skin and may
improve skin elasticity.