to the Brain Injury Association of America, every 13 seconds,
someone in the U.S. sustains a traumatic brain injury, which
is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head that disrupts
the normal function of the brain. The most common type of TBI
is a concussion.
can happen to anyone, but children and athletes are at a
particularly high risk.
are over 300,000 head injuries reported annually in high
school athletics and over 90 percent are concussions,"
says Dr. Jennifer Roth Maynard. Maynard is a primary care and
sports medicine physician at Mayo Clinicís campus in
Jacksonville, Fla., and chair of the Northeast Florida
Regional Sports Concussion Task Force.
of concussion are usually temporary, but can include
headaches, blurred vision, nausea and problems with
concentration, memory, balance and coordination. Anxiety and
sleep issues can also occur.
some injuries can cause a loss of consciousness, most
concussions do not. Because of this, Maynard says some people
donít even realize they have a concussion. She adds,
"Spreading awareness about concussion, knowing the signs
and symptoms and seeking prompt medical attention is essential
to helping prevent long-term injuries, especially in young