MADISON, Wis. — Wisconsin's
economic development agency that negotiated the state's deal with
Foxconn Technology Group continues to have a host of problems with
how it tracks job creation and awards given to companies, an audit
released Friday found.
The report from the nonpartisan Legislative Audit Bureau examined
the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation, a quasi-private
agency created under Republican former Gov. Scott Walker that is in
charge of job creation and dispenses more than $3.1 billion a year
in tax credits, grants, loans and bonds.
The agency, known as WEDC, has struggled since its creation in 2011
on a number of fronts, including recovering loans made to companies
that don't meet contractual requirements. It has been in the
political crosshairs for years and remains a focus because of the
Foxconn deal. Under that agreement, the Taiwan-based electronics
manufacturer could receive more than $4 billion in state and local
tax credits if it invests $10 billion and creates 13,000 jobs in
Wisconsin over 15 years.
Democratic Gov. Tony Evers campaigned as a critic of Foxconn and on
wanting to dissolve the economic development agency, but backed off
that promise after he defeated Walker. However, the
Republican-controlled Legislature sought to protect WEDC from
changes by passing a law in a lame-duck legislative session before
Evers took office preventing him from replacing its CEO until
The audit covered July 2017 through December 2018, just before Evers
took office and during the time when the Foxconn deal was reached.
Evers had no immediate comment on the audit.
The audit said that only about 35% of required jobs had been created
by recipients of 68 tax credit and loan awards through the fiscal
year that ended in June 2018. The report said WEDC could have
required loan recipients to repay $4 million and $414,000 in
previously awarded tax credits.
That money could have been used to support other projects, the audit
The report also said WEDC awarded $462,000 in tax credits for
creating jobs to one unnamed recipient that actually lost 17 jobs.
Those tax credits will be reclaimed by the state, WEDC leader Mark
Hogan said in an interview. He declined to name the company.
WEDC also doesn't know exactly how many jobs were created or
retained as a result of awards that had ended because it did not
collect enough information from recipients, the audit said. Between
2011 and 2018, 436 awards totaling nearly $131 million ended.
The audit also faults WEDC for not consistently complying with state
laws and its contracts because it awarded tax credits to recipients
that created or retained jobs filled by people outside of Wisconsin
or who were not state residents.
It cited one example in which an unnamed recipient received $61,100
in tax credits for creating 261 jobs filled by people who lived in
36 states, none of which were even contiguous to Wisconsin. Hogan
declined to name the company.
Hogan said WEDC interprets the law to permit the awarding of credits
for companies that create jobs out of state. He said that latitude
and flexibility is critical to attract companies, especially with
more people working from home or off site.
Hogan said in a letter in response to the audit that it is focused
on continuous improvement, noting that audit recommendations have
decreased from 24 in 2015 to 19 in 2017 and 10 in the latest report.
Hogan addressed all of the recommendations in detail and said WEDC
would be working internally to come up with an action plan. He said
all recommended changes should be "substantially implemented" by the
end of the year.
Republican state Sen. Rob Cowles, co-chair of the Legislature's
Audit Committee, said it was disappointing that "new emerging
issues" continue to be uncovered by audits. He suggested that law
changes may be necessary to address the problems. Hogan said WEDC
was not advocating for any law changes.
"The inability of WEDC to comply with state statutes and guidelines
has put taxpayer funds at risk," Cowles said. "This isn't just an
issue of unaccountability, but shows the desired outcomes of these
programs have not been consistently achieved."